31 releases

0.2.20 Sep 20, 2022
0.2.19 Sep 20, 2022
0.2.13 Aug 31, 2022
0.1.9 Aug 29, 2022

#398 in HTTP server

Download history 5/week @ 2024-03-29 2/week @ 2024-04-05

102 downloads per month

MIT license

21KB
252 lines

Actix-web-utils

by franklin blanco

Adds some useful structs, enums, macros, etc... to your typical web app, only compatible with actix-web backends for the moment.

Why use this crate?

Honestly, I find myself repeating the same structs, behaviours and logic in my backend applications for the web apps I develop.

This crate just makes it all uniform and readable.

How?

Mainly by standarizing everything I can, repeating logic & code everywhere possible to maintain a uniform & straightforward development.

Most web app backends have a Controller (Where routes are defined), Service (Where bsuiness logic lives (can also be inside the controller)), Repository/dao (Database access logic & methods), Clients/Communicators (Api consumption). Let's start with the controller.

Controller

You usually have a defined route with a desired return type and an error type.

use actix_web::{http::header::ContentType, HttpResponse};

async fn index() -> HttpResponse {
    HttpResponse::Ok()
        .content_type(ContentType::plaintext())
        // .insert_header(("X-Hdr", "sample")) <-- This line is irrelevant for this example
        .body("data")
}

Taken Straight from actix.rs

The way actix sells this seems a bit dry to me. How about this:

use actix_web::{http::header::ContentType, HttpResponse};
use actix_web_utils::extensions::{TypedHttpResponse};

async fn index() -> TypedHttpResponse<String> {
    TypedHttpResponse::return_standard_response(200, "data".to_string())
}

Much better for readability, and this wraps everything you give it inside a Json response, as is usually the standard. You can see the status code outright, and the response has to be a String if successful (this is important for later).

Sure, you loose a lot of the modularity that actix web gives you. But that's why it's not a replacement for HttpResponse, but another type. You can always go back and use HttpResponse, my library isn't made to replace it, but to reduce the repetition it brings.

Intended Limitations:

  • Can only use things that implement serde::Serialize because it attempts to wrap everything inside a json. This is planned.
  • Modularity is lost, no response headers, most of the features of HttpResponse get lost. This is also planned.
  • No custom errors. using this means you will be using the Error types & MessageResource defined in this package. Sorry about that, coding a modular solution for everybody would be hard. Feel free to contribute, really. I'll reply asap. In case you don't want to contribute also feel free to fork.

Service

This is where your business logic lives. This is really the most variable of all, as everyone has their own way of doing things. But I have seen many cases of code where it's just this:

fn service_layer_function() -> HttpResponse {
	// ... Some Business logic
	let value_returned_from_match = match function_that_returns_a_result() {
		Ok(value) => value,
		Err(error) => return 
		HttpResponse::BadRequest().json(web::Json(error.to_string()))
	};
	// ... More Business logic
}

When you could be doing this:

fn service_layer_function() -> TypedHttpResponse<T> { //T can be whatever you want
	// ... Some Business logic
	let value_returned_from_match = unwrap_or_return_handled_error!(
		function_that_returns_a_result(), T
	);
	// ... More Business logic
}

Much better and more readable for me.

Repository (Database Access Object)

UNFINISHED!

MessageResource

A key-message error type to return back a neat, well formatted error to a frontend. The key is optional, as I won't force you to use internationalization.

{
	"key": "ERROR_KEY",
	"message": "This is the part where you put the error message."
}

This is supposed to be sent back to the client, so the client can display the error to the user, and/or get the translation (with the key). It is optional.

TypedHttpResponse

A wrapper for HttpResponse. Contains a type specification inside so that you can visualize and expect a certain type.

Said type can only be a Serializable (Json).

It can also return a MessageResource or nothing at all.

Dependencies

~14–25MB
~452K SLoC