|0.2.2||Jun 26, 2021|
|0.2.1||Jun 23, 2021|
|0.1.7||Jun 15, 2021|
|0.1.4||May 27, 2021|
#129 in Network programming
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ZeroNS provides names that are a part of ZeroTier Central's configured networks; once provided an IPv4-capable network it:
- Listens on the local interface joined to that network -- you will want to start one ZeroNS per ZeroTier network.
- Provides general DNS by forwarding all queries to
/etc/resolv.confresolvers that do not match the TLD, similar to
- Tells Central to point all clients that have the "Manage DNS" settings turned on to resolve to it.
- Finally, sets a provided TLD (
.domainis the default), as well as configuring
AAAA(IPv6) records for:
- Member IDs:
zt-<memberid>.<tld>will resolve to the IPv4 & IPv6 addresses for them.
- Names: if the names are compatible with DNS names, they will be converted as such: to
- Please note that collisions are possible and that it's up to the admin to prevent them.
- It additionally includes PTR records for members, in all scenarios other than 6plane.
- Wildcard everything mode: this mode (enabled by passing the
-wflag) enables wildcards for all names under the TLD; for example
my-site.zt-<memberid>.<tld>will resolve to the member's IP, and named hosts work the same way.
- Member IDs:
Before continuing, be reminded that zeronsd is beta software. That said, if you'd like to get started quickly with zeronsd, click here for a user-friendly guide!
- Linux/Windows: releases contain packages for
*.rpmfor Linux, and MSI format for Windows.
- Mac OS X:
brew tap zerotier/homebrew-tap && brew install zerotier/homebrew-tap/zeronsd
docker pull zerotier/zeronsd(see below for more on docker)
Please obtain a working rust environment first.
cargo install zeronsd
cargo install --git https://github.com/zerotier/zeronsd --branch main
There is a
Dockerfile present in the repository you can use to build images in lieu of one of our official images.
There are build arguments which control behavior:
IS_LOCAL: if set, uses the local source tree and does not try to fetch.
VERSION: this is the branch or tag to fetch.
IS_TAG: if non-zero, tells cargo to fetch tags instead of branches.
docker build . # builds latest master docker build --build-arg VERSION=somebranch # builds branch `somebranch` docker build --build-arg IS_TAG=1 --build-arg VERSION=v0.1.0 # builds version 0.1.0 from tag v0.1.0
Once built, the image automatically runs
zeronsd for you. The default subcommand is
ZEROTIER_CENTRAL_TOKEN in the environment (or providing the
-t flag, which points at a file containing this value) is required. You must be able to administer the ZeroTier network to use
zeronsd with it. Also, running as
root is required as many client resolvers do not work over anything but port 53. Your
zeronsd instance will listen on both
sudo? Pass the
-E flag to import your current shell's environment, making it easier to add the
ZEROTIER_CENTRAL_TOKEN, or use the
-t flag to avoid the environment entirely.
zeronsd start <network id>
This behavior is currently only supported on Linux and Mac OS X; we will accept patches for other platforms.
zeronsd supervise and
zeronsd unsupervise commands can be used to manipulate systemd unit files related to your network. For the
supervise case, simply pass the arguments you would normally pass to
start and it will generate a unit from it.
# to enable zeronsd supervise -t ~/.token -f /etc/hosts -d mydomain 36579ad8f6a82ad3 # generates systemd unit file named /lib/systemd/system/zeronsd-36579ad8f6a82ad3.service systemctl daemon-reload systemctl enable zeronsd-36579ad8f6a82ad3.service && systemctl start zeronsd-36579ad8f6a82ad3.service # to disable systemctl disable zeronsd-36579ad8f6a82ad3.service && systemctl stop zeronsd-36579ad8f6a82ad3.service zeronsd unsupervise 36579ad8f6a82ad3 systemctl daemon-reload
Running in docker is a little more complicated. You must be able to have a network interface you can import (joined a network) and must be able to reach
localhost:9999 on the host. At this time, for brevity's sake we are recommending running with
--net=host until we have more time to investigate a potentially more secure solution.
You also need to mount your
authtoken.secret, which we use to talk to
docker run -v /var/lib/zerotier-one:/var/lib/zerotier-one:ro --net host zerotier/zeronsd start <network id>
You must have already joined a network and obviously,
zerotier-one should be running!
It should print some diagnostics after it has talked to your
zerotier-one instance to figure out what IP to listen on. After that it should communicate with the central API and set everything else up automatically.
-d <tld>will set a TLD for your records; the default is
-f <hosts file>will parse a file in
/etc/hostsformat and append it to your records.
-s <secret file>path to
authtoken.secretwhich is needed to talk to ZeroTier on localhost. You can provide this file with this argument, but it is auto-detected on multiple platforms including Linux, OS X and Windows.
-t <central token file>path to file containing your ZeroTier Central token.
-wEnables wildcard mode, where all member names get a wildcard in this format:
*.<name>.<tld>; this points at the member's IP address(es).
-vEnables verbose logging. Repeat for more verbosity.
-Vprints the version.
Records currently have a TTL of 60s, and Central's records are refreshed every 30s through the API. I felt this was a safer bet than letting timeouts happen.
OS X and Windows users get this functionality by default, so there is no need for it. Please note at this point in time, however, that PTR resolution does not properly work on either platform. This is a defect in ZeroTier and should be corrected soon.
Linux users are strongly encouraged to use
systemd-networkd along with
systemd-resolved to get per-interface resolvers that you can isolate to the domain you want to use. If you'd like to try something that can assist with getting you going quickly, check out the zerotier-systemd-manager repository.
BSD systems still need a bit of work; work that we could really use your help with if you know the lay of the land on your BSD of choice. Set up an issue if this interests you.
ZeroNS demands a lot out of the trust-dns toolkit and I personally am grateful such a library suite exists. It made my job very easy.
Erik Hollensbe firstname.lastname@example.org