6 releases (3 breaking)

0.3.0 Jun 14, 2023
0.2.2 Jan 4, 2021
0.2.1 Sep 28, 2020
0.1.0 Sep 24, 2020
0.0.0 Jun 26, 2016

#317 in Development tools

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1,695 downloads per month
Used in pact_mock_server_cli

MIT license

3.5K SLoC


Port of Webmachine-Ruby (https://github.com/webmachine/webmachine-ruby) to Rust.

Build Status

webmachine-rust is a port of the Ruby version of webmachine. It implements a finite state machine for the HTTP protocol that provides semantic HTTP handling (based on the diagram from the webmachine project). It is basically a HTTP toolkit for building HTTP-friendly applications using the Hyper rust crate.

Webmachine-rust works with Hyper and sits between the Hyper Handler and your application code. It provides a resource struct with callbacks to handle the decisions required as the state machine is executed against the request with the following sequence.

REQUEST -> Hyper Handler -> WebmachineDispatcher -> WebmachineResource -> Your application code -> WebmachineResponse -> Hyper -> RESPONSE


  • Handles the hard parts of content negotiation, conditional requests, and response codes for you.
  • Provides a resource struct with points of extension to let you describe what is relevant about your particular resource.

Missing Features

Currently, the following features from webmachine-ruby have not been implemented:

  • Visual debugger
  • Streaming response bodies

Implementation Deficiencies:

This implementation has the following deficiencies:

  • Automatically decoding request bodies and encoding response bodies.
  • No easy mechanism to generate bodies with different content types (e.g. JSON vs. XML).
  • No easy mechanism for handling sub-paths in a resource.
  • Dynamically determining the methods allowed on the resource.

Getting started with Hyper

Follow the getting started documentation from the Hyper crate to setup a Hyper service for your server. You need to define a WebmachineDispatcher that maps resource paths to your webmachine resources (WebmachineResource). Each WebmachineResource defines all the callbacks (via Closures) and values required to implement a resource. The WebmachineDispatcher implementes the Hyper Service trait, so you can pass it to the make_service_fn.

Note: This example uses the maplit crate to provide the btreemap macro and the log crate for the logging macros.

use hyper::server::Server;
use webmachine_rust::*;
use webmachine_rust::context::*;
use webmachine_rust::headers::*;
use serde_json::{Value, json};
use std::io::Read;
use std::net::SocketAddr;
use hyper::service::make_service_fn;
use std::convert::Infallible;

// setup the dispatcher, which maps paths to resources. The requirement of make_service_fn is
// that it has a static lifetime
fn dispatcher() -> WebmachineDispatcher<'static> {
  WebmachineDispatcher {
      routes: btreemap!{
         "/myresource" => WebmachineResource {
           // Methods allowed on this resource
           allowed_methods: vec!["OPTIONS", "GET", "HEAD", "POST"],
           // if the resource exists callback
           resource_exists: callback(&|_, _| true),
           // callback to render the response for the resource
           render_response: callback(&|_, _| {
               let json_response = json!({
                  "data": [1, 2, 3, 4]
           // callback to process the post for the resource
           process_post: callback(&|_, _|  /* Handle the post here */ Ok(true) ),
           // default everything else
           .. WebmachineResource::default()

async fn start_server() -> Result<(), String> {
  // Create a Hyper server that delegates to the dispatcher
  let addr = "".parse().unwrap();
  let make_svc = make_service_fn(|_| async { Ok::<_, Infallible>(dispatcher()) });
  match Server::try_bind(&addr) {
    Ok(server) => {
      // start the actual server
    Err(err) => {
      error!("could not start server: {}", err);
      Err(format!("could not start server: {}", err))

Example implementations

For an example of a project using this crate, have a look at the Pact Mock Server from the Pact reference implementation.


~134K SLoC