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#442 in Images
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Used in svgr
resvg is an SVG rendering library.
It can be used as a Rust library, as a C library, and as a CLI application to render static SVG files.
The core idea is to make a fast, small, portable SVG library with the goal to support the whole SVG spec.
Designed for edge-cases
SVG is a very complicated format with a large specification (SVG 1.1 is almost 900 pages).
You basically need a web browser to handle all of it. But the truth is that even browsers
fail at this (see SVG support).
resvg, browsers do support dynamic SVG features like animations and scripting.
But using a browser to render SVG correctly is sadly not an option.
To prove its correctness,
resvg has a vast test suite that includes around 1500 tests.
And those are only SVG-to-PNG regression tests. This doesn't include tests in
And the best thing is that
resvg test suite is available to everyone. It's not tied to
in any way. Which should help people who plan to develop their own SVG libraries.
It's hard not to mention safety when we talk about Rust and processing of a random input. And we're talking not only about SVG/XML, but also about CSS, TTF, PNG, JPEG, GIF, and GZIP.
resvg is not the only SVG library written in Rust, it's the only one that
is written completely in Rust. There is no non-Rust code in the final binary.
Moreover, there is almost no
unsafe code either. Still, some dependencies have some
and font memory-mapping is inherently
unsafe, but it's best you can get in terms of memory safety.
However, this doesn't stop at memory safety.
resvg has extensive checks to prevent endless loops (freezes)
and stack overflows (via recursion).
Right now, the
resvg CLI application is less than 3MB in size and doesn't require any external dependencies.
The binary contains nothing that isn't needed for rendering SVG files.
resvg is guaranteed to work everywhere where you can compile the Rust itself,
including WASM. There are some rough edges with obscure CPU architectures and
mobile OSs (mainly system fonts loading), but it should be pretty painless otherwise.
Another major difference from other SVG rendering libraries is that in
SVG parsing and rendering are two completely separate steps.
Those steps are also split into two separate libraries:
resvg and usvg.
Meaning you can easily write your own renderer on top of
usvg using any 2D library of your liking.
Comparing performance between different SVG rendering libraries is like comparing apples and oranges.
Everyone has a very different set of supported features, languages, build flags, etc...
resvg is written in Rust and uses tiny-skia for rendering - it's pretty fast.
There should also still be quite a lot of room for improvement.
resvg doesn't rely on any system libraries it allows us to have reproducible results
on all supported platforms. Meaning if you render an SVG file on x86 Windows and then render it
on ARM macOS - the produced image will be identical. Each pixel would have the same value.
- No animations
There are no plans on implementing them either.
- No native text rendering
resvgdoesn't rely on any system libraries, which implies that we cannot use native text rendering. Nevertheless, native text rendering is optimized for small horizontal text, which is not that common is SVG.
It's the 21st century. Text files that aren't UTF-8 encoded are no longer relevant.
resvg aims to only support the static
SVG subset; i.e. no
cursor elements, no events and no animations.
SVG Tiny 1.2 is not supported and support is also not planned.
Results of the resvg test suite:
SVG 2 only results:
You can find a complete table of supported features here. It also includes some alternative libraries.
We're not testing against all SVG libraries since many of them are pretty bad. Some libraries are not on the list because they don't pass the 25% mark. Such libraries are: wxSvg, LunaSVG and nanosvg.
There is a subtle difference between resvg as a library and resvg as a project. While most users will interact only with the resvg library, it's just a tip of an iceberg. There are a lot of libraries that I had to write to make resvg possible. Here are some of them:
- resvg - the actual SVG renderer
- usvg - an SVG preprocessor/simplifier
- tiny-skia - a Skia subset ported to Rust
- rustybuzz - a harfbuzz subset ported to Rust
- ttf-parser - a TrueType/OpenType font parser
- fontdb - a simple, in-memory font database with CSS-like queries
- roxmltree - an XML parsing library
- simplecss - a pretty decent CSS 2 parser and selector
- pico-args - an absolutely minimal, but surprisingly popular command-line arguments parser
So while the resvg library is deceptively small (around 2500 LOC), the resvg project is nearing 75'000 LOC. Which is not that much considering how much resvg does. It's definitely the smallest option out there.
resvg project is licensed under the MPLv2.0.