#backtrace #error #result

trace-error

Extensions to Rust’s error system to automatically include backtraces

6 releases

Uses old Rust 2015

0.1.5 Apr 9, 2017
0.1.4 Feb 8, 2017
0.1.3 Jan 20, 2017

#611 in Rust patterns

35 downloads per month
Used in parallel-event-emitter

MIT license

20KB
246 lines

trace-error

Extensions to Rust's error system to automatically include backtraces to the exact location an error originates.

Consider this a more lightweight and less macro-based alternative to error_chain and similar crates. This crate does not take care of actually defining the errors and their varieties, but only focuses on a thin container for holding the errors and a backtrace to their origin.

Trace and TraceResult should usually be used in place of Result using the macros throw!, try_throw!, and try_rethrow!

Although the ? syntax was just introduced, trace-error is not yet compatible with it until the Carrier trait is stabilized. As a result, all instances of try! and ? should be replaced with try_throw! if you intend to use this crate to its fullest. However, the ? operator can be used for Result<_, Trace<E>> when the return value is also a Result using Trace<E>, just because From is implemented for types for itself.

Additionally, if you must use the Result<T, Trace<E>> directly instead of immediately returning it, you can use the trace_error! macro to create it with the desired error value.

If the Trace being returned in a result does NOT contain the same error type, but they are convertible, use try_rethrow! to convert the inner error type.

Example:

#[macro_use]
extern crate trace_error;

use std::error::Error;
use std::fmt::{Display, Formatter, Result as FmtResult};
use std::io;
use std::fs::File;

use trace_error::TraceResult;

pub type MyResultType<T> = TraceResult<T, MyErrorType>;

#[derive(Debug)]
pub enum MyErrorType {
    Io(io::Error),
    ErrorOne,
    ErrorTwo,
    //etc
}

impl Display for MyErrorType {
    fn fmt(&self, f: &mut Formatter) -> FmtResult {
        write!(f, "{}", self.description())
    }
}

impl Error for MyErrorType {
    fn description(&self) -> &str {
        match *self {
            MyErrorType::Io(ref err) => err.description(),
            MyErrorType::ErrorOne => "Error One",
            MyErrorType::ErrorTwo => "Error Two",
        }
    }
}

impl From<io::Error> for MyErrorType {
    fn from(err: io::Error) -> MyErrorType {
        MyErrorType::Io(err)
    }
}

fn basic() -> MyResultType<i32> {
    Ok(42)
}

fn example() -> MyResultType<()> {
    // Note the use of try_rethrow! for TraceResult results
    let meaning = try_rethrow!(basic());

    // Prints 42 if `basic` succeeds
    println!("{}", meaning);

    // Note the use of try_throw! for non-TraceResult results
    let some_file = try_throw!(File::open("Cargo.toml"));

    Ok(())
}

fn main() {
    match example() {
        Ok(_) => println!("Success!"),
        // Here, err is the Trace<E>, which can be printed normally,
        // showing both the error and the backtrace.
        Err(err) => println!("Error: {}", err)
    }
}

Dependencies

~3.5MB
~75K SLoC