#json

streamson-lib

Library for processing large JSONs

17 stable releases (7 major)

new 7.0.1 Apr 15, 2021
6.3.1 Dec 8, 2020
6.2.0 Nov 12, 2020
5.0.2 Oct 10, 2020
0.2.0 May 29, 2020

#65 in Encoding

Download history 2/week @ 2020-12-31 4/week @ 2021-01-07 22/week @ 2021-01-14 17/week @ 2021-01-21 4/week @ 2021-01-28 3/week @ 2021-02-04 80/week @ 2021-02-11 36/week @ 2021-02-18 6/week @ 2021-02-25 5/week @ 2021-03-04 2/week @ 2021-03-11 1/week @ 2021-03-18 70/week @ 2021-03-25 72/week @ 2021-04-01 74/week @ 2021-04-08

133 downloads per month
Used in 5 crates

MIT license

230KB
5K SLoC

docs.rs

Streamson Lib

Rust library to handle large JSONs. It aims to be memory efficient as well as fast.

Note that it doesn't fully validates whether the input JSON is valid. This means that invalid JSONs might pass without an error.

Strategies

Strategy Converts data Buffers matched data Nested matches Uses handlers Uses matchers
Trigger No No Yes Yes Yes
Filter Yes No No Yes Yes
Extract Yes No No Yes Yes
Convert Yes No No Yes Yes
All Yes/No No No Yes No

Trigger strategy

It triggers handlers on matched JSON parts. It doesn't return data as output.

Filter strategy

It actually alters the JSON. If the path is matched the matched part should be removed from output JSON. Handlers can be used here to e.g. store removed parts into a file.

Extract strategy

Alters the JSON as well. It returns only the matched parts as output. Handlers can be used to e.g. convert extracted parts.

Convert strategy

Alters the JSON by calling convert handlers to matched parts.

All strategy

Matches all data. Handlers can be used to convert the content of entire JSON or to perform some kind of analysis.

Matchers

Structures which are used to match a part of JSON.

Simple

It matches path in JSON. For example:

{
	"users": [
		{"name": "carl"},
		{"name": "bob"}
	],
	"groups": [
		{"name": "admins"},
		{"name": "staff"}
	]
}

Simple path {"users"}[0]{"name"} would match "carl".

Simple path {"users"}[]{"name"} would match "carl" and "bob".

Simple path {}[0]{"name"} would match "carl" and "admins".

Simple path ??{"name"} would match "carl", "bob", "admins" and "staff".

Simple path *{"name"} would match "carl", "bob", "admins" and "staff".

Depth

Matches depth in JSON path. It has min length and max length ranges (max is optional).

Regex

Matches path based on regex.

Example

use streamson_lib::{handler, strategy::{self, Strategy}, matcher};

use std::{io, str::FromStr, sync::{Arc, Mutex}};

let handler = Arc::new(Mutex::new(handler::Output::new(io::stdout())));
let matcher = matcher::Regex::from_str(r#"\{"[Uu]ser"\}\[\]"#).unwrap();

let mut trigger = strategy::Trigger::new();

trigger.add_matcher(
    Box::new(matcher),
    handler,
);

for input in vec![
    br#"{"Users": [1,2]"#.to_vec(),
    br#", "users": [3, 4]}"#.to_vec(),
] {
    trigger.process(&input).unwrap();
}

Combinator

Wraps one or two matchers. It implements basic logic operators (NOT, OR and AND).

Handlers

Analyser

Stores matched paths to analyze JSON structure.

Buffer

Buffers matched data which can be manually extracted later.

Output

Writes matched data into given output (e.g. file or stdout).

Indenter

Converts indentation of the matched data.

Indexer

Store indexes of the matched data.

Regex

Converts data based on regex.

Example

use streamson_lib::{matcher, strategy::{self, Strategy}, handler};
use std::sync::{Arc, Mutex};
use regex;

let converter =
Arc::new(Mutex::new(handler::Regex::new().add_regex("s/User/user/".to_string())));
let matcher = matcher::Simple::new(r#"{"users"}[]{"name"}"#).unwrap();
let mut convert = strategy::Convert::new();
// Set the matcher for convert strategy
convert.add_matcher(Box::new(matcher), converter);
for input in vec![
    br#"{"users": [{"password": "1234", "name": "User1"}, {"#.to_vec(),
    br#""password": "0000", "name": "user2}]}"#.to_vec(),
] {
    for converted_data in convert.process(&input).unwrap() {
        println!("{:?}", converted_data);
    }
}

Replace

Replaces matched output by fixed data.

Shorten

Shortens matched data

Unstringify

Unstringifies matched data.

Examples

Trigger

use streamson_lib::{strategy::{self, Strategy}, error::General, handler::Output, matcher::Simple};
use std::sync::{Arc, Mutex};
use std::{io::prelude::*, io};

let mut trigger = strategy::Trigger::new();
let handler = Arc::new(Mutex::new(Output::new(io::stdout())));
let matcher = Simple::new(r#"{"users"}[]"#).unwrap();
trigger.add_matcher(Box::new(matcher), handler);

let mut buffer = [0; 2048];
let mut input = "<input data>".as_bytes();
while let Ok(size) = input.read(&mut buffer[..]) {
	if !size > 0 {
		break;
	}
	trigger.process(&buffer[..size]);
}

Filter

use streamson_lib::{strategy::{self, Strategy}, error::General, matcher::Simple};
use std::io::prelude::*;

let mut filter = strategy::Filter::new();
let matcher = Simple::new(r#"{"users"}[]"#).unwrap();
filter.add_matcher(Box::new(matcher), None);

let mut buffer = [0; 2048];
let mut input = "<input data>".as_bytes();
while let Ok(size) = input.read(&mut buffer[..]) {
	if !size > 0 {
		break;
	}
	let output_data = filter.process(&buffer[..size]);
}

Extract

use streamson_lib::{strategy::{self, Strategy}, error::General, matcher::Simple};
use std::io::prelude::*;

let mut extract = strategy::Extract::new();
let matcher = Simple::new(r#"{"users"}[]"#).unwrap();
extract.add_matcher(Box::new(matcher), None);

let mut buffer = [0; 2048];
let mut input = "<input data>".as_bytes();
while let Ok(size) = input.read(&mut buffer[..]) {
	if !size > 0 {
		break;
	}
	let output_data = extract.process(&buffer[..size]);
}

Convert

use streamson_lib::{strategy::{self, Strategy}, matcher, handler};
use std::sync::{Arc, Mutex};
use std::io::prelude::*;

let mut convert = strategy::Convert::new();
let matcher = matcher::Simple::new(r#"{"list"}[]"#).unwrap();

convert.add_matcher(
	Box::new(matcher),
	Arc::new(Mutex::new(handler::Unstringify::new())),
);

let mut buffer = [0; 2048];
let mut input = "<input data>".as_bytes();
while let Ok(size) = input.read(&mut buffer[..]) {
	if !size > 0 {
		break;
	}
	let output_data = convert.process(&buffer[..size]);
}

All

use streamson_lib::{strategy::{self, Strategy}, matcher, handler};
use std::sync::{Arc, Mutex};
use std::io::prelude::*;

let mut all = strategy::All::new();

let analyser = Arc::new(Mutex::new(handler::Analyser::new()));

all.add_handler(analyser.clone());

let mut buffer = [0; 2048];
let mut input = "<input data>".as_bytes();
while let Ok(size) = input.read(&mut buffer[..]) {
	if !size > 0 {
		break;
	}
	all.process(&buffer[..size]);
}

println!("{:?}", analyser.lock().unwrap().results())

Traits

Custom Handlers

You can define your custom handler.

use std::any::Any;

use streamson_lib::{handler, Path, error, streamer::Token};

#[derive(Debug)]
struct CustomHandler;

impl handler::Handler for CustomHandler {
	fn start(
		&mut self, _: &Path, _: usize, _: Token 
	) -> Result<Option<std::vec::Vec<u8>>, error::Handler> { 
		todo!()
	}

	fn feed(
		&mut self, _: &[u8], _: usize,
	) -> Result<Option<std::vec::Vec<u8>>, error::Handler> { 
		todo!()
	}

	fn end(
		&mut self, _: &Path, _: usize, _: Token
	) -> Result<Option<std::vec::Vec<u8>>, error::Handler> { 
		todo!()
	}
	
	fn as_any(&self) -> &dyn Any {
		self
	}

	fn is_converter(&self) -> bool {
		todo!()
	}
}

Custom Matchers

You can define custom matchers as well.

use streamson_lib::{matcher, Path, streamer::ParsedKind};

#[derive(Debug)]
struct CustomMatcher;

impl matcher::Matcher for CustomMatcher {
	fn match_path(&self, _: &Path, _: ParsedKind) -> bool { todo!() }
}

Dependencies

~0–255KB