#iso8601 #datetime #date #time #rfc3339

speedate

Fast and simple datetime, date, time and duration parsing

6 releases (3 breaking)

Uses new Rust 2021

0.4.1 Jun 14, 2022
0.4.0 Jun 9, 2022
0.3.0 Jun 8, 2022
0.2.0 Jun 7, 2022
0.1.1 May 31, 2022

#40 in Date and time

Download history 57/week @ 2022-05-31 91/week @ 2022-06-07 461/week @ 2022-06-14 522/week @ 2022-06-21

1,131 downloads per month

MIT license

59KB
798 lines

speedate

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Fast and simple datetime, date, time and duration parsing for rust.

speedate is a lax† RFC 3339 date and time parser, in other words, it parses common ISO 8601 formats.

- all relaxations of from RFC 3339 are compliant with ISO 8601.

The following formats are supported:

  • Date: YYYY-MM-DD
  • Time: HH:MM:SS
  • Time: HH:MM:SS.FFFFFF 1 to 6 digits are allowed
  • Time: HH:MM
  • Date time: YYYY-MM-DDTHH:MM:SS - all the above time formats are allowed for the time part
  • Date time: YYYY-MM-DD HH:MM:SS - T, t, and _ are allowed as separators
  • Date time: YYYY-MM-DDTHH:MM:SSZ - Z or z is allowed as timezone
  • Date time: YYYY-MM-DDTHH:MM:SS+08:00- positive and negative timezone are allowed, as per ISO 8601, U+2212 minus is allowed as well as ascii minus - (U+002D)
  • Date time: YYYY-MM-DDTHH:MM:SS+0800 - the colon (:) in the timezone is optional
  • Duration: PnYnMnDTnHnMnS - ISO 8601 duration format, see wikipedia for more details, W for weeks is also allowed
  • Duration: HH:MM:SS - any of the above time formats are allowed to represent a duration
  • Duration: D days, HH:MM:SS - time prefixed by X days, case-insensitive, spaces s and , are all optional
  • Duration: D d, HH:MM:SS - time prefixed by X d, case-insensitive, spaces and , are optional
  • Duration: ±... - all duration formats shown here can be prefixed with + or - to indicate positive and negative durations respectively

In addition, unix timestamps (both seconds and milliseconds) can be used to create dates and datetimes.

See the documentation for each struct for more details.

This will be the datetime parsing logic for pydantic-core.

Usage

use speedate::{DateTime, Date, Time};

fn main() {
    let dt = DateTime::parse_str("2022-01-01T12:13:14Z").unwrap();
    assert_eq!(
        dt,
        DateTime {
            date: Date {
                year: 2022,
                month: 1,
                day: 1,
            },
            time: Time {
                hour: 12,
                minute: 13,
                second: 14,
                microsecond: 0,
            },
            offset: Some(0),
        }
    );
    assert_eq!(dt.to_string(), "2022-01-01T12:13:14Z");
}

Performance

speedate is significantly faster than chrono's parse_from_rfc3339 and iso8601.

Micro-benchmarking from benches/main.rs:

test datetime_error_speedate ... bench:           6 ns/iter (+/- 0)
test datetime_error_chrono   ... bench:          50 ns/iter (+/- 1)
test datetime_error_iso8601  ... bench:         118 ns/iter (+/- 2)
test datetime_ok_speedate    ... bench:           9 ns/iter (+/- 0)
test datetime_ok_chrono      ... bench:         182 ns/iter (+/- 0)
test datetime_ok_iso8601     ... bench:          77 ns/iter (+/- 1)
test duration_ok_speedate    ... bench:          23 ns/iter (+/- 0)
test duration_ok_iso8601     ... bench:          48 ns/iter (+/- 0)
test timestamp_ok_speedate   ... bench:           9 ns/iter (+/- 0)
test timestamp_ok_chrono     ... bench:          10 ns/iter (+/- 0)

Why not full iso8601?

ISO8601 allows many formats, see ijmacd.github.io/rfc3339-iso8601.

Most of these are unknown to most users, and not desired. This library aims to support the most common formats without introducing ambiguity.

Dependencies

~275–700KB
~16K SLoC