22 releases

new 0.2.18 Jul 30, 2020
0.2.16 Jun 28, 2020
0.2.8 Mar 21, 2020

#68 in Memory management

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3,573 downloads per month
Used in 2 crates (via snmalloc-rs)

MIT license

1.5MB
2K SLoC

C++ 1.5K SLoC // 0.1% comments Rust 145 SLoC // 0.1% comments Shell 28 SLoC // 0.1% comments

snmalloc-rs

Notice: MinGW Build is broken and may not be fixed in a near future. See this PR in the upstream.

MSVC/MinGW/Linux/MacOS: travis ci

FreeBSD: Build Status

snmalloc-rs provides a wrapper for microsoft/snmalloc to make it usable as a global allocator for rust. snmalloc is a research allocator. Its key design features are:

  • Memory that is freed by the same thread that allocated it does not require any synchronising operations.
  • Freeing memory in a different thread to initially allocated it, does not take any locks and instead uses a novel message passing scheme to return the memory to the original allocator, where it is recycled.
  • The allocator uses large ranges of pages to reduce the amount of meta-data required.

Some old benchmark results are available in the snmalloc paper. Some recent benchmark results are listed at bench_suite. There are three features defined in this crate:

  • debug: Enable the Debug mode in snmalloc.
  • 1mib: Use the 1mib chunk configuration. From 0.2.17, this is set as a default feature
  • 16mib: Use the 16mib chunk configuration.
  • cache-friendly: Make the allocator more cache friendly (setting CACHE_FRIENDLY_OFFSET to 64 in building the library).
  • native-cpu: Optimize snmalloc for the native CPU of the host machine. (this is not a default behavior since 0.2.14)
  • qemu: workaround madvise problem of QEMU environment
  • stats: enable statistics

To get the crates compiled, you need to choose either 1mib or 16mib to determine the chunk configuration

To use snmalloc-rs add it as a dependency:

# Cargo.toml
[dependencies]
snmalloc-rs = "0.2"

To set SnMalloc as the global allocator add this to your project:

#[global_allocator]
static ALLOC: snmalloc_rs::SnMalloc = snmalloc_rs::SnMalloc;

For MinGW Users

mingw version is only tested on nightly branch with MSYS environment. We are using dynamic linking method. Hence, please make sure the following libs are in your PATH:

  • winpthread
  • atomic
  • stdc++
  • gcc_s

Notice: since version 0.2.12, we no longer require you to provide additional environment variables for mingw target.

For Android Cross-Compilation

  • ANDROID_NDK must be provided as an environment variable
  • ANDROID_PLATFORM can be passed as an optional environment variable
  • ANDROID_ABI used by CMake is detected automatically
  • feature android-lld can be used to set the linker of snmalloc to lld
  • feature android-shared-std can be used to set the STL library of snmalloc to c++_shared (it uses c++_static by default)

Changelog

0.2.17

  • upstream add backoff for large reservation
  • upstream default chunk configuration to 1mib
  • add new feature flags

0.2.16

  • upstream New implementation of address space reservation leading to
    • better integration with transparent huge pages; and
    • lower address space requirements and fragmentation.
  • Notice MinGW broken state

0.2.15

  • upstream fix VS2019 build
  • upstream fix wrong realloc behavior and performance issue

for older versions, see CHANGELOG

Dependencies