#bytes #size #units #formatting #prettysize

no-std size

A crate for expressing, formatting, and interacting with file sizes

8 unstable releases (3 breaking)

0.4.0 Jun 23, 2022
0.3.1 Jun 22, 2022
0.2.1 Jun 21, 2022
0.1.2 Dec 7, 2018
0.1.1 Aug 16, 2018

#74 in Rust patterns

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Used in 20 crates (13 directly)

MIT license

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PrettySize, rust edition

crates.io docs.rs

A comprehensive file size crate for rust applications, meant to be light and effective. Includes utilities for human-readable formatting of file sizes as well as converting between different base-two and base-ten size units and performing both mathematical and logical operations on strongly-typed file sizes.

See the crate documentation for a more complete summary of what this crate can do and how to use it.

Features

PrettySize provides

  • a Size enum that can be used to hold a strongly-typed size (e.g. let size = Size::from_gigabytes(4)) and perform operations on it,
  • definitions for the base-two and base-ten file size units defined as pub const in the size::consts namespace, available both in abbreviated and unabridged forms (i.e. consts::KiB and consts::KIBIBYTE or consts::GB and consts::GIGABYTE),
  • an std::Display impl for Size to automatically display sizes in a human-readable format, automatically choosing the best size unit and numeric precision to give the nicest results (you can also use Size::to_string() instead).
  • a Size.format() method that gives you more control over how sizes are converted to a textual representation, letting you to specify the base of the human-readable units and their style (smart, abbreviated, or full; plus their lowercase variants).
  • mathematical and logical operations on strongly-typed Size values

This crate can also be used in no_std mode (by compiling with default features disabled). This disables string conversion/formatting but keeps all the strongly-typed size conversion and mathematical/logical operations available.

Usage

Cargo.toml:

[dependencies]
size = "0.4"

and in your code:

use size::consts;
use size::{Base, Size};

fn main() {
  // Create strongly-typed sizes:
  let byte_count = Size::from_kilobytes(42);
  assert_eq!(42_000, byte_count.bytes());

  // Use predefined constants for the various units
  let byte_count = 42 * consts::KiB;
  assert_eq!(43_008, byte_count);

  // `Size` can take any numeric type you throw at it
  let byte_count = Size::from_mib(0.040055);
  assert_eq!(byte_count.bytes(), 42_000);

  // And for those of you that haven't yet drunk the base-two Kool-Aid:
  let file_size = Size::from_kb(42);
  assert_eq!(file_size.bytes(), 42_000);

  println!("{}, I say!", file_size);
  // prints "41 KiB, I say!"

  // Override the default choice of base-2 units
  println!("{}, I meant!", file_size.format().with_base(Base::Base10));
  // prints "42 KB, I meant!"

  // Add and subtract strongly-typed sizes, even with different underlying types
  let sum = Size::from_mb(1.0) + Size::from_kb(200);
  assert_eq!(sum.bytes(), 1_200_000);

  // Multiply and divide strongly-typed sizes by scalar values
  let new_size = Size::from_mib(2) * 2;
  assert_eq!(new_size, Size::from_mib(4));

  // Compare sizes for equality or order
  let size1 = Size::from_gigabytes(2);
  let size2 = Size::from_gibibytes(1.99);
  assert!(size1 < size2);
}

About

This project started off as a port of Mahmoud's PrettySize.NET library from C# to Rust. Like the C# edition of this project. Rust's richer enum types and powerful generics made implementing a custom Size generic over the number type without verbosity additionally possible. Its scope has since grown considerably.

License

PrettySize is written and maintained by Mahmoud Al-Qudsi of NeoSmart Technologies and released to the general public under the terms of the MIT public license.

To-Do

  • Providing a FromStr impl to parse file sizes (coming soon!)

Pull requests are welcome!

No runtime deps

Features

  • std