#shadowsocks #proxy #socks #socks5 #firewall

app shadowsocks-rust

shadowsocks is a fast tunnel proxy that helps you bypass firewalls

59 stable releases

new 1.11.2 Jul 24, 2021
1.11.0 May 14, 2021
1.10.2 Mar 28, 2021
1.8.23 Nov 2, 2020
0.9.15 Nov 5, 2016

#9 in Network programming

Download history 204/week @ 2021-04-06 205/week @ 2021-04-13 215/week @ 2021-04-20 63/week @ 2021-04-27 144/week @ 2021-05-04 78/week @ 2021-05-11 146/week @ 2021-05-18 68/week @ 2021-05-25 81/week @ 2021-06-01 110/week @ 2021-06-08 53/week @ 2021-06-15 45/week @ 2021-06-22 58/week @ 2021-06-29 34/week @ 2021-07-06 45/week @ 2021-07-13 144/week @ 2021-07-20

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MIT license

550KB
12K SLoC

shadowsocks

Build & Test Build Releases Build Nightly Releases License crates.io Release

This is a port of shadowsocks.

shadowsocks is a fast tunnel proxy that helps you bypass firewalls.

Library Description
shadowsocks crates.io docs.rs shadowsocks core protocol
shadowsocks-service crates.io docs.rs Services for serving shadowsocks
shadowsocks-rust crates.io Binaries running common shadowsocks services

Build & Install

Optional Features

  • trust-dns - Uses trust-dns-resolver as DNS resolver instead of tokio's builtin.

  • local-http - Allow using HTTP protocol for sslocal

    • local-http-native-tls - Support HTTPS with native-tls

    • local-http-rustls - Support HTTPS with rustls

  • local-tunnel - Allow using tunnel protocol for sslocal

  • local-socks4 - Allow using SOCKS4/4a protocol for sslocal

  • local-redir - Allow using redir (transparent proxy) protocol for sslocal

  • local-dns - Allow using dns protocol for sslocal, serves as a DNS server proxying queries to local or remote DNS servers by ACL rules

  • stream-cipher - Enable deprecated stream ciphers. WARN: stream ciphers are UNSAFE!

  • aead-cipher-extra - Enable non-standard AEAD ciphers

Memory Allocators

This project uses system (libc) memory allocator (Rust's default). But it also allows you to use other famous allocators by features:

  • jemalloc - Uses jemalloc as global memory allocator
  • mimalloc - Uses mi-malloc as global memory allocator
  • tcmalloc - Uses TCMalloc as global memory allocator. It tries to link system-wide tcmalloc by default, use vendored from source with tcmalloc-vendored.
  • snmalloc - Uses snmalloc as global memory allocator
  • rpmalloc - Uses rpmalloc as global memory allocator

crates.io

Install from crates.io:

# Set default toolchain to nightly
rustup default nightly
# RECOMMEND: Check the rust-toolchain file in the project root and use the recomended nightly version
# For example:
# rustup default nightly-2021-06-03

# Install from crates.io
cargo install shadowsocks-rust

then you can find sslocal and ssserver in $CARGO_HOME/bin.

Download release

Download static-linked build here.

  • build-windows: Build for x86_64-pc-windows-msvc
  • build-linux: Build for x86_64-unknown-linux-gnu, Debian 9 (Stretch), GLIBC 2.18
  • build-docker: Build for x86_64-unknown-linux-musl, x86_64-pc-windows-gnu, ... (statically linked)

Docker

This project provided Docker images for the linux/i386 and linux/amd64 and linux/arm64/v8 architectures.

Pull from GitHub Container Registry

Docker will pull the image of the appropriate architecture from our GitHub Packages.

docker pull ghcr.io/shadowsocks/sslocal-rust:latest
docker pull ghcr.io/shadowsocks/ssserver-rust:latest

Build on the local machine(Optional)

If you want to build the Docker image yourself, you need to use the BuildX.

docker buildx build -t shadowsocks/ssserver-rust:latest -t shadowsocks/ssserver-rust:v1.11.1 --target ssserver .
docker buildx build -t shadowsocks/sslocal-rust:latest -t shadowsocks/sslocal-rust:v1.11.1 --target sslocal .

Run the container

You need to mount the configuration file into the container and create an external port map for the container to connect to it.

docker run --name sslocal-rust \
  --restart always \
  -p 1080:1080/tcp \
  -v /path/to/config.json:/etc/shadowsocks-rust/config.json \
  -dit ghcr.io/shadowsocks/sslocal-rust:latest

docker run --name ssserver-rust \
  --restart always \
  -p 8388:8388/tcp \
  -p 8388:8388/udp \
  -v /path/to/config.json:/etc/shadowsocks-rust/config.json \
  -dit ghcr.io/shadowsocks/ssserver-rust:latest

Build from source

Use cargo to build. NOTE: RAM >= 2GiB

cargo build --release

Then sslocal and ssserver will appear in ./target/(debug|release)/, it works similarly as the two binaries in the official ShadowSocks' implementation.

make install TARGET=release

Then sslocal, ssserver, ssmanager and ssurl will be installed to /usr/local/bin (variable PREFIX).

For Windows users, if you have encountered any problem in building, check and discuss in #102.

target-cpu optimization

If you are building for your current CPU platform (for example, build and run on your personal computer), it is recommended to set target-cpu=native feature to let rustc generate and optimize code for the CPU running the compiler.

export RUSTFLAGS="-C target-cpu=native"

Build standalone binaries

Requirements:

  • Docker
./build/build-release

Then sslocal, ssserver, ssmanager and ssurl will be packaged in

  • ./build/shadowsocks-${VERSION}-stable.x86_64-unknown-linux-musl.tar.xz
  • ./build/shadowsocks-${VERSION}-stable.x86_64-pc-windows-gnu.zip

Read Cargo.toml for more details.

Getting Started

Create a ShadowSocks' configuration file. Example

{
    "server": "my_server_ip",
    "server_port": 8388,
    "password": "mypassword",
    "method": "aes-256-gcm",
    // ONLY FOR `sslocal`
    // Delete these lines if you are running `ssserver` or `ssmanager`
    "local_address": "127.0.0.1",
    "local_port": 1080
}

Detailed explanation could be found in shadowsocks' documentation.

In shadowsocks-rust, we also have an extended configuration file format, which is able to define more than one server. You can also disable individual servers.

{
    "servers": [
        {
            "address": "127.0.0.1",
            "port": 8388,
            "password": "hello-world",
            "method": "aes-256-gcm",
            "timeout": 7200
        },
        {
            "address": "127.0.0.1",
            "port": 8389,
            "password": "hello-kitty",
            "method": "chacha20-ietf-poly1305"
        },
        {
            "disabled": true,
            "address": "eg.disable.me",
            "port": 8390,
            "password": "hello-internet",
            "method": "chacha20-ietf-poly1305"
        }
    ],
    // ONLY FOR `sslocal`
    // Delete these lines if you are running `ssserver` or `ssmanager`
    "local_port": 1080,
    "local_address": "127.0.0.1"
}

sslocal automatically selects the best server with the lowest latency and the highest availability.

Start Shadowsocks client and server with:

sslocal -c config.json
ssserver -c config.json

If you Build it with Cargo:

cargo run --bin sslocal -- -c config.json
cargo run --bin ssserver -- -c config.json

List all available arguments with -h.

Usage

Start local client with configuration file

# Read local client configuration from file
sslocal -c /path/to/shadowsocks.json

Socks5 Local client

# Pass all parameters via command line
sslocal -b "127.0.0.1:1080" -s "[::1]:8388" -m "aes-256-gcm" -k "hello-kitty" --plugin "v2ray-plugin" --plugin-opts "server;tls;host=github.com"

# Pass server with SIP002 URL
sslocal -b "127.0.0.1:1080" --server-url "ss://YWVzLTI1Ni1nY206cGFzc3dvcmQ@127.0.0.1:8388/?plugin=v2ray-plugin%3Bserver%3Btls%3Bhost%3Dgithub.com"

HTTP Local client

# Read local client configuration from file
sslocal -b "127.0.0.1:3128" --protocol http -s "[::1]:8388" -m "aes-256-gcm" -k "hello-kitty"

All parameters are the same as Socks5 client, except --protocol http.

Tunnel Local client

# Read local client configuration from file
# Set 127.0.0.1:8080 as the target for forwarding to
sslocal --protocol tunnel -b "127.0.0.1:3128" -f "127.0.0.1:8080" -s "[::1]:8388" -m "aes-256-gcm" -k "hello-kitty"
  • --protocol tunnel enables local client Tunnel mode
  • -f "127.0.0.1:8080 sets the tunnel target address

Transparent Proxy Local client

NOTE: It currently only supports

  • Linux (with iptables targets REDIRECT and TPROXY)
  • BSDs (with pf), such as OS X 10.10+, FreeBSD, ...
# Read local client configuration from file
sslocal -b "127.0.0.1:60080" --protocol redir -s "[::1]:8388" -m "aes-256-gcm" -k "hello-kitty" --tcp-redir "redirect" --udp-redir "tproxy"

Redirects connections with iptables configurations to the port that sslocal is listening on.

  • --protocol redir enables local client Redir mode
  • (optional) --tcp-redir sets TCP mode to REDIRECT (Linux)
  • (optional) --udp-redir sets UDP mode to TPROXY (Linux)

Server

# Read server configuration from file
ssserver -c /path/to/shadowsocks.json

# Pass all parameters via command line
ssserver -s "[::]:8388" -m "aes-256-gcm" -k "hello-kitty" --plugin "v2ray-plugin" --plugin-opts "server;tls;host=github.com"

Server Manager

Supported Manage Multiple Users API:

  • add - Starts a server instance
  • remove - Deletes an existing server instance
  • list - Lists all current running servers
  • ping - Lists all servers' statistic data

NOTE: stat command is not supported. Because servers are running in the same process with the manager itself.

# Start it just with --manager-address command line parameter
ssmanager --manager-address "127.0.0.1:6100"

# For *nix system, manager can bind to unix socket address
ssmanager --manager-address "/tmp/shadowsocks-manager.sock"

# You can also provide a configuration file
#
# `manager_address` key must be provided in the configuration file
ssmanager -c /path/to/shadowsocks.json

# Create one server by UDP
echo 'add: {"server_port":8388,"password":"hello-kitty"}' | nc -u '127.0.0.1' '6100'

# Close one server by unix socket
echo 'remove: {"server_port":8388}' | nc -Uu '/tmp/shadowsocks-manager.sock'

For manager UI, check more details in the shadowsocks-manager project.

Example configuration:

{
    // Required option
    // Address that ssmanager is listening on
    "manager_address": "127.0.0.1",
    "manager_port": 6100,

    // Or bind to a Unix Domain Socket
    "manager_address": "/tmp/shadowsocks-manager.sock",

    "servers": [
        // These servers will be started automatically when ssmanager is started
    ],

    // Outbound socket binds to this IP address
    // For choosing different network interface on the same machine
    "local_address": "xxx.xxx.xxx.xxx",

    // Other options that may be passed directly to new servers
}

Configuration

{
    // LOCAL: Listen address. This is exactly the same as `locals[0]`
    // SERVER: Bind address for remote sockets, mostly used for choosing interface
    //         Don't set it if you don't know what's this for.
    "local_address": "127.0.0.1",
    "local_port": 1080,

    // Extended multiple local configuration
    "locals": [
        {
            // Basic configuration, a SOCKS5 local server
            "local_address": "127.0.0.1",
            "local_port": 1080,
            // OPTIONAL. Setting the `mode` for this specific local server instance.
            // If not set, it will derive from the outer `mode`
            "mode": "tcp_and_udp"
        },
        {
            // SOCKS5, SOCKS4/4a local server
            "protocol": "socks",
            // Listen address
            "local_address": "127.0.0.1",
            "local_port": 1081,
            // OPTIONAL. Enables UDP relay
            "mode": "tcp_and_udp",
            // OPTIONAL. Customizing the UDP's binding address. Depending on `mode`, if
            // - TCP is enabled, then SOCKS5's UDP Association command will return this address
            // - UDP is enabled, then SOCKS5's UDP server will listen to this address.
            "local_udp_address": "127.0.0.1",
            "local_udp_port": 2081
        },
        {
            // Tunnel local server (feature = "local-tunnel")
            "protocol": "tunnel",
            // Listen address
            "local_address": "127.0.0.1",
            "local_port": 5353,
            // Forward address, the target of this tunnel
            // In this example, this will build a `127.0.0.1:5353` -> `8.8.8.8:53` tunnel
            "forward_address": "8.8.8.8",
            "forward_port": 53,
            // OPTIONAL. Customizing whether to start TCP and UDP tunnel
            "mode": "tcp_only"
        },
        {
            // HTTP local server (feature = "local-http")
            "protocol": "http",
            // Listen address
            "local_address": "127.0.0.1",
            "local_port": 3128
        },
        {
            // DNS local server (feature = "local-dns")
            // This DNS works like China-DNS, it will send requests to `local_dns` and `remote_dns` and choose by ACL rules
            "protocol": "dns",
            // Listen address
            "local_address": "127.0.0.1",
            "local_port": 53,
            // Local DNS address, DNS queries will be sent directly to this address
            "local_dns_address": "114.114.114.114",
            // OPTIONAL. Local DNS's port, 53 by default
            "local_dns_port": 53,
            // Remote DNS address, DNS queries will be sent through ssserver to this address
            "remote_dns_address": "8.8.8.8",
            // OPTIONAL. Remote DNS's port, 53 by default
            "remote_dns_port": 53
        }
    ],

    // Server configuration
    // listen on [::] for dual stack support
    "server": "::",
    // Change to use your custom port number
    "server_port": 8388,
    "method": "aes-256-gcm",
    "password": "your-password",
    "plugin": "v2ray-plugin",
    "plugin_opts": "mode=quic;host=github.com",
    // Server: TCP socket timeout in seconds.
    // Client: TCP connection timeout in seconds.
    // Omit this field if you don't have specific needs.
    "timeout": 7200,

    // Extended multiple server configuration
    // LOCAL: Choosing the best server to connect dynamically
    // SERVER: Creating multiple servers in one process
    "servers": [
        {
            // Fields are the same as the single server's configuration
            
            // Individual servers can be disabled
            // "disabled": true,
            "address": "0.0.0.0",
            "port": 8389,
            "method": "aes-256-gcm",
            "password": "your-password",
            "plugin": "...",
            "plugin_opts": "...",
            "timeout": 7200,

            // Customized weight for local server's balancer
            //
            // Weight must be in [0, 1], default is 1.0.
            // The higher weight, the server may rank higher.
            "tcp_weight": 1.0,
            "udp_weight": 1.0,
        }
    ],

    // Global configurations for UDP associations
    "udp_timeout": 300, // Timeout for UDP associations (in seconds), 5 minutes by default
    "udp_max_associations": 512, // Maximum UDP associations to be kept in one server, unlimited by default

    // Options for Manager
    "manager_address": "127.0.0.1", // Could be a path to UNIX socket, /tmp/shadowsocks-manager.sock
    "manager_port": 5300, // Not needed for UNIX socket

    // DNS server's address for resolving domain names
    // For *NIX and Windows, it uses system's configuration by default
    //
    // Value could be IP address of DNS server, for example, "8.8.8.8".
    // DNS client will automatically request port 53 with both TCP and UDP protocol.
    //
    // It also allows some pre-defined well-known public DNS servers:
    // - google (TCP, UDP)
    // - cloudflare (TCP, UDP)
    // - cloudflare_tls (TLS), enable by feature "dns-over-tls"
    // - cloudflare_https (HTTPS), enable by feature "dns-over-https"
    // - quad9 (TCP, UDP)
    // - quad9_tls (TLS), enable by feature "dns-over-tls"
    //
    // The field is only effective if feature "trust-dns" is enabled.
    "dns": "google",

    // Mode, could be one of the
    // - tcp_only
    // - tcp_and_udp
    // - udp_only
    "mode": "tcp_only",

    // TCP_NODELAY
    "no_delay": false,

    // Enables `SO_KEEPALIVE` and set `TCP_KEEPIDLE`, `TCP_KEEPINTVL` to the specified seconds
    "keep_alive": 15,

    // Soft and Hard limit of file descriptors on *NIX systems
    "nofile": 10240,

    // Try to resolve domain name to IPv6 (AAAA) addresses first
    "ipv6_first": false
}

Supported Ciphers

AEAD Ciphers

  • chacha20-ietf-poly1305
  • aes-128-gcm, aes-256-gcm

Stream Ciphers

  • plain or none (No encryption, only used for debugging or with plugins that ensure transport security)
Deprecated

  • table
  • aes-128-cfb, aes-128-cfb1, aes-128-cfb8, aes-128-cfb128
  • aes-192-cfb, aes-192-cfb1, aes-192-cfb8, aes-192-cfb128
  • aes-256-cfb, aes-256-cfb1, aes-256-cfb8, aes-256-cfb128
  • aes-128-ctr
  • aes-192-ctr
  • aes-256-ctr
  • camellia-128-cfb, camellia-128-cfb1, camellia-128-cfb8, camellia-128-cfb128
  • camellia-192-cfb, camellia-192-cfb1, camellia-192-cfb8, camellia-192-cfb128
  • camellia-256-cfb, camellia-256-cfb1, camellia-256-cfb8, camellia-256-cfb128
  • rc4-md5
  • chacha20-ietf

ACL

sslocal, ssserver, and ssmanager support ACL file with syntax like shadowsocks-libev. Some examples could be found in here.

Available sections

  • For local servers (sslocal, ssredir, ...)
    • Modes:
      • [bypass_all] - ACL runs in BlackList mode. Bypasses all addresses that didn't match any rules.
      • [proxy_all] - ACL runs in WhiteList mode. Proxies all addresses that didn't match any rules.
    • Rules:
      • [bypass_list] - Rules for connecting directly
      • [proxy_list] - Rules for connecting through proxies
  • For remote servers (ssserver)
    • Modes:
      • [reject_all] - ACL runs in BlackList mode. Rejects all clients that didn't match any rules.
      • [accept_all] - ACL runs in WhiteList mode. Accepts all clients that didn't match any rules.
    • Rules:
      • [white_list] - Rules for accepted clients
      • [black_list] - Rules for rejected clients
      • [outbound_block_list] - Rules for blocking outbound addresses.

Example

# SERVERS
# For ssserver, accepts requests from all clients by default
[accept_all]

# Blocks these clients
[black_list]
1.2.3.4
127.0.0.1/8

# Disallow these outbound addresses
[outbound_block_list]
127.0.0.1/8
::1
(^|\.)baidu.com

# CLIENTS
# For sslocal, ..., bypasses all targets by default
[bypass_all]

# Proxy these addresses
[proxy_list]
(^|\.)google.com
8.8.8.8

Useful Tools

  1. ssurl is for encoding and decoding ShadowSocks URLs (SIP002). Example:
ss://YWVzLTI1Ni1jZmI6cGFzc3dvcmQ@127.0.0.1:8388/?plugin=obfs-local%3Bobfs%3Dhttp%3Bobfs-host%3Dwww.baidu.com

Notes

It supports the following features:

  • SOCKS5 CONNECT command
  • SOCKS5 UDP ASSOCIATE command (partial)
  • SOCKS4/4a CONNECT command
  • Various crypto algorithms
  • Load balancing (multiple servers) and server delay checking
  • SIP004 AEAD ciphers
  • SIP003 Plugins
  • SIP002 Extension ss URLs
  • HTTP Proxy Supports (RFC 7230 and CONNECT)
  • Defend against replay attacks, shadowsocks/shadowsocks-org#44
  • Manager APIs, supporting Manage Multiple Users
  • ACL (Access Control List)
  • Support HTTP/HTTPS Proxy protocol

TODO

  • Documentation
  • Extend configuration format
  • Improved logging format (waiting for the new official log crate)
  • Support more ciphers without depending on libcrypto (waiting for an acceptable Rust crypto lib implementation)
  • Windows support.
  • Build with stable rustc (blocking by crypto2).
  • Support HTTP Proxy protocol
  • AEAD ciphers. (proposed in SIP004, still under discussion)
  • Choose server based on delay #152

License

The MIT License (MIT)

Copyright (c) 2014 Y. T. CHUNG

Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining a copy of this software and associated documentation files (the "Software"), to deal in the Software without restriction, including without limitation the rights to use, copy, modify, merge, publish, distribute, sublicense, and/or sell copies of the Software, and to permit persons to whom the Software is furnished to do so, subject to the following conditions:

The above copyright notice and this permission notice shall be included in all copies or substantial portions of the Software.

THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE AUTHORS OR COPYRIGHT HOLDERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM, DAMAGES OR OTHER LIABILITY, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE, ARISING FROM, OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR OTHER DEALINGS IN THE SOFTWARE.

Dependencies

~11–18MB
~373K SLoC