#relational #database #driver #serde


Deserialization of database resultsets, and serialization of database parameters

24 releases

0.11.1 Feb 14, 2023
0.11.0 Jul 1, 2022
0.10.1 Feb 22, 2022
0.10.0 Dec 8, 2021
0.3.1 Nov 6, 2017

#339 in Parser implementations

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278 downloads per month
Used in 3 crates (via hdbconnect_impl)




Support for flexibly deserializing database resultsets and rows into rust types, and for serializing rust types into database parameter values.

Being based on serde, this crate can facilitate the data exchange between applications and a database driver. It is meant to be used by the implementors of database drivers, who then can expose a more comfortable driver API.


Add serde_db to the dependencies section in your project's Cargo.toml, with

serde_db = "0.11"

Examples for Deserialization

The below examples assume the DB driver exposes on its resultset type a function

    fn try_into<'de, T: serde::Deserialize<'de>>(self) -> Result<T, E>

which is implemented using serde_db.

The application then can directly assign the database results to appropriate rust variables!

Convert a n×m resultset into a Vec of structs

extern crate serde_derive;
struct MyStruct {...}
let resultset = ...;
let data: Vec<MyStruct> = resultset.try_into()?;

Note that MyStruct has to implement serde::Deserialize.

Assign a n×1 resultset to a Vec of fields

let vec_s: Vec<String> = resultset.try_into()?;

Assign a 1×1 resultset to a single field

let s: String = resultset.try_into()?;

Assign rows to tuples or structs

For better streaming of large resultsets, you might want to iterate over the rows, like in

for row in resultset {
    let t: (String, NaiveDateTime, i32, Option<i32>) = row.try_into()?;


for row in resultset {
    let data: MyStruct = row.try_into()?;

Examples for Serialization

serde_db also when a DB driver needs to translate rust values into DB types.

A Prepared Statement for example might have a generic function

fn add_batch<T>(&mut self, input: &T) -> DbResult<()>
    where T: serde::Serialize

If it is implemented with serde_db, then the application can hand over a tuple of rust values that correspond to the parameters of the prepared statement, or they can hand over an appropriate struct that implements serde::Serialize.

In both cases they do not need to differentiate between nullable and non-nullable database values (except that they cannot convert an Option::None into a non-nullable database value).

In its implementation of DbvFactory, the DB driver can decide to make their life even easier by converting flexibly between different number types (an example can be found in the tests of this crate).

The implementation of add_batch() converts input into a Vec of the driver's database values that can subsequently be sent to the DB server:

    let db_values: Vec<DBValue> = serde_db::ser::to_params(&input, input_metadata)?;

It is required that the prepared statement has metadata about the needed input parameters, which implement DbvFactory.

Cargo Features

trace (no default)

Adds trace output (using the log macros).


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