21 releases (8 breaking)

0.11.1 Nov 21, 2020
0.10.0 Aug 24, 2020
0.7.5 Mar 8, 2020
0.7.4 Nov 1, 2018
0.7.2 Jul 13, 2018

#11 in Email

Download history 31/week @ 2020-08-15 30/week @ 2020-08-22 53/week @ 2020-08-29 63/week @ 2020-09-05 6/week @ 2020-09-12 12/week @ 2020-09-19 11/week @ 2020-09-26 25/week @ 2020-10-03 6/week @ 2020-10-10 21/week @ 2020-10-17 42/week @ 2020-10-24 8/week @ 2020-10-31 26/week @ 2020-11-07 6/week @ 2020-11-14 44/week @ 2020-11-21 10/week @ 2020-11-28

102 downloads per month
Used in samotop-server

MIT/Apache and maybe GPL-3.0-or-later


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samotop 0.11.1

This is an SMTP server library with focus on privacy. There is also an actual SMTP server - see samotop-server.

SMTP Server (Relay/MTA, Delivery/MDA) library for Rust with focus on spam elimination and privacy. The motivation is to revive e-mail infrastructure and architecture, address current problems and allow new systems to integrate SMTP. It's called SaMoToP, which could be a nice Czech word.


Reaching stable. You can implement your own mail service and plug it in, focusing on features and not the protocol itself or boilerplate. The API builds on async/await to offer a convenient asynchronous interface. We've got a decent SMTP command parser written as a PEG grammar. The model is tightly nit from the RFCs. An async-std based server will hear your SMTP commands, drive the SMTP state machine and correct you if you step aside. Once a mail session is ready, the mail can be dumped to the console, saved in a folder or passed to a downstream SMTP/LMTP server. After that, you can do it again. See the api docs. The samotop crate is published on crates.io.


  • Parse SMTP commands and write responses according to RFCs
  • SMTP state machine - helo, mail, rcpt*, data, rset, quit - must be in correct order according to RFCs
  • DATA are handled and terminated correctly (escape dot, final dot).
  • Async/await with async-std backing
  • Privacy: TLS/STARTTLS supported using rustls and native_tls
  • MTA: Simple mail relay, logging smtp session to standard output but able to receive mail from common relays
  • MDA: System-wide mailbox - mailbox for all unclaimed domains / addresses - store mail in a folder so it can be processed further
  • MDA: Domain mailbox - mailbox for unclaimed addresses (through LMTP to another LDA)
  • MDA: User mailbox - mailbox for specific address or alias (through LMTP to another LDA)
  • MDA: Store mail in Maildir (through LMTP to another LDA)
  • MDA: Smart mailbox - multiple mailbox addresses by convention
  • Integration: LMTP socket - can deliver to LDA over unix or network sockets using LMTP
  • Antispam: SPF (through viaspf, todo:async)

To do

  • MTA: Queue and queue manager, relay mail to another MTA
  • Antispam: Strict SMTP (require CRLF, reject if client sends mail before banner or EHLO response)
  • Antispam: whitelist and blacklist
  • Antispam: greylisting
  • Antispam: white/black/grey list with UI - user decides new contact handling
  • Antispam: is it encrypted?
  • Antispam: reverse lookup
  • Antispam: DANE (DNSSEC) with UI - user verifies signatures
  • Privacy: Refuse unencrypted session
  • Privacy: Encryption at rests, encrypt e-mails, only the recipient will be able to decrypt
  • Privacy: Leave no trace, no logs, obfuscated file dates...
  • Integration: LMTP child process - can deliver to LDA using LMTP protocol over io with a child process


Add this to your Cargo.toml:

version = "0"


See the docs on docs.rs.

Note that the API is still unstable. Please use the latest release.

There are a few interesting provisions one could take away from Samotop:

  • The server (through samotop::server::Server) - it takes IP:port's to listen on() and you can then serve() your own implementation of a TcpService.
  • The SMTP service (SmtpService) - it takes an async IO and provides an SMTP service defined by SessionService.
  • The low level SmtpCodec - it translates between IO and a Stram of ReadControl and a Sink of WriteControl. It handles SMTP mail data as well.
  • The SMTP session parser (SmtpParser) - it takes &[u8] and returns parsed commands or session.
  • The SMTP session and domain model (in samotop::model) - these describe the domain and behavior.
  • Extensible design - you can plug in or compose your own solution.

SMTP Server (with STARTTLS)

Running an SMTP server with STARTTLS support is a bit more involved regarding setting up the TLS configuration. The library includes a TlsProvider implementation for async-tls (rustls) and async-native-tls(native-tls). The samotop-server is a working reference for this TLS setup where you needto provide only the cert and key. You can also implement your own TlsProvider and plug it in.

SMTP Server (plaintext)

You can easily run a plaintext SMTP service without support for STARTTLS. Replace Builder with your own implementation or compose a mail service with Builder::using() and provided features.

extern crate async_std;
extern crate env_logger;
extern crate samotop;
use std::sync::Arc;
fn main() {
    let mail = Arc::new(samotop::mail::Builder::default());
    let parser = samotop::parser::SmtpParser;
    let svc = samotop::io::smtp::SmtpService::new(mail, parser);
    let svc = samotop::io::tls::TlsEnabled::disabled(svc);
    let srv = samotop::server::TcpServer::on("localhost:25").serve(svc);

Dummy server

Any TCP service can be served. See the docs for TcpService. Run it with RUST_LOG=trace to display trace log. Use this to understand how networking IO is handled. Start here to build an SMTP service from scratch step by step.

extern crate async_std;
extern crate env_logger;
extern crate samotop;
use samotop::server::TcpServer;
use samotop::io::dummy::DummyTcpService;
fn main() {
    let mut srv = TcpServer::on("localhost:0").serve(DummyTcpService);


  • The usual rustup + cargo setup is required.
  • The software is automatically built, tested and published using Gitlab CI/CD pipelines.
  • README's are generated manually from rust docs using cargo-readme. Do not modify README's directly:
    $ cargo readme > README.md`


In Rust world I have so far found mostly SMTP clients.

SMTP server implementations and libs

  • mailin by Saul Hazledine is quite similar to samotop:
    • same: recent activity (Mailin last commits: Feb 2020)
    • same: enables writing SMTP servers in Rust.
    • same: includes SMTP parsing, responding and an SMTP state machine.
    • different: Samotop uses PEG, Mailin uses Nom to define the SMTP parser.
    • different: Samotop is async while Mailin runs on bare std blocking IO. Async introduces more dependencies, but allows us to shift to the new IO paradigm. In Samotop, the SMTP session is handled as a stream of commands and responses. Mailin uses a threadpool to schedule work, Samotop can run on a single thread thanks to async.
    • not too different: samotop includes a default TCP server and enables the user to implement it differently, mailin expects the user to provide a socket but a TCP server is available in mailin-embedded. Thanks to this, Mailin alone has much smaller dependency footprint. Samotop may follow suit to split the crates.
    • ...
  • smtpbis and rustyknife by Jonathan Bastien-Filiatrault are SMTP libraries on async and tokio.
    • same: async.
    • different: Samotop moved to async-std, smtpbis is on tokio.
    • ...
  • rust-smtp by mneumann, last commit 2014, parser coded manually, looks unfinished and abandoned.
  • rust-smtp fork of the above with progress by synlestidae in 2016


  • lettre is an SMTP client, it seems to be alive and well!
  • segimap by uiri, that's actually an IMAP server.
  • ferric-mail by wraithan, looks abandoned since 2014.
  • new-tokio-smtp is na SMTP client by Philipp Korber, now only pasively maintained


MIT OR Apache-2.0


Unless you explicitly state otherwise, any contribution submitted for inclusion in samotop projects by you, as defined in the Apache-2.0 license, shall be licensed as above, without any additional terms or conditions.


~191K SLoC