#database #postgres #postgresql #embedded #server

pg-embed

Run a Postgresql database locally on Linux, MacOS or Windows as part of another Rust application or test

22 releases (5 breaking)

new 0.6.1 Jul 22, 2021
0.6.0 Jul 22, 2021
0.5.4 Jul 22, 2021
0.4.3 Jun 15, 2021
0.1.3 Mar 23, 2021

#126 in Database interfaces

Download history 29/week @ 2021-04-04 37/week @ 2021-04-11 29/week @ 2021-04-18 5/week @ 2021-04-25 12/week @ 2021-05-02 32/week @ 2021-05-16 112/week @ 2021-05-23 80/week @ 2021-05-30 15/week @ 2021-06-06 68/week @ 2021-06-13 12/week @ 2021-06-20 17/week @ 2021-06-27 9/week @ 2021-07-04 62/week @ 2021-07-11 78/week @ 2021-07-18

156 downloads per month

MIT/Apache

62KB
1K SLoC

pg-embed

Crates.io Docs.rs Crates.io Crates.io

Run a Postgresql database locally on Linux, MacOS or Windows as part of another Rust application or test.

The currently supported async runtime for pg-embed is tokio.

Support for async-std and actix is planned and will be available soon.

Usage

  • Add pg-embed to your Cargo.toml

    Library without sqlx migration support

    # Cargo.toml
    [dependencies]
    pg-embed = { version = "0.6", default-features = false, features = ["rt_tokio"] }
    

    Library with sqlx migration support

    # Cargo.toml
    [dependencies]
    pg-embed = "0.6"
    

Examples

use pg_embed::postgres::{PgEmbed, PgSettings, PgAuthMethod};
use pg_embed::fetch;
use pg_embed::fetch::{PgFetchSettings, PG_V13};
use std::time::Duration;
use std::path::PathBuf;

/// Postgresql settings
let pg_settings = PgSettings{
    // Where to store the postgresql database
    database_dir: PathBuf::from("data/db"),
    port: 5432,
    user: "postgres".to_string(),
    password: "password".to_string(),
    // authentication method
    auth_method: PgAuthMethod::Plain,
    // If persistent is false clean up files and directories on drop, otherwise keep them
    persistent: false,
    // duration to wait before terminating process execution
    // pg_ctl start/stop and initdb timeout
    // if set to None the process will not be terminated
    timeout: Some(Duration::from_secs(15)),
    // If migration sql scripts need to be run, the directory containing those scripts can be
    // specified here with `Some(PathBuf(path_to_dir)), otherwise `None` to run no migrations.
    // To enable migrations view the **Usage** section for details
    migration_dir: None,
};

/// Postgresql binaries download settings
let fetch_settings = PgFetchSettings{
       version: PG_V13,
       ..Default::default()
};


/// async block only to show that these methods need to be executed in an async context
async { 
    // Create a new instance
    let mut pg = PgEmbed::new(pg_settings, fetch_settings).await?;

    // Download, unpack, create password file and database cluster
    pg.setup().await;

    // start postgresql database
    pg.start_db().await;

    // create a new database
    // to enable migrations view the [Usage] section for details
    pg.create_database("database_name").await;

    // drop a database
    // to enable migrations view [Usage] for details
    pg.drop_database("database_name").await;

    // check database existence
    // to enable migrations view [Usage] for details
    pg.database_exists("database_name").await;

    // run migration sql scripts
    // to enable migrations view [Usage] for details
    pg.migrate("database_name").await;
    
    // stop postgresql database
    pg.stop_db().await;
};
// get the base postgresql uri
    // `postgres://{username}:{password}@localhost:{port}`
    let pg_uri: &str = &pg.db_uri;

    // get a postgresql database uri
    // `postgres://{username}:{password}@localhost:{port}/{specified_database_name}`
    let pg_db_uri: String = pg.full_db_uri("database_name");



Info

The downloaded postgresql binaries are cached in the following directories:

  • On Linux:

    $XDG_CACHE_HOME/pg-embed

    or

    $HOME/.cache/pg-embed

  • On Windows:

    {FOLDERID_LocalAppData}/pg-embed

  • On MacOS:

    $HOME/Library/Caches/pg-embed

Recent Breaking Changes

pg-embed follows semantic versioning, so breaking changes should only happen upon major version bumps. The only exception to this rule is breaking changes that happen due to implementation that was deemed to be a bug, security concerns, or it can be reasonably proved to affect no code. For the full details, see CHANGELOG.md.

License

pg-embed is licensed under the MIT license. Please read the LICENSE-MIT file in this repository for more information.

Notes

Reliant on the great work being done by zonkyio/embedded-postgres-binaries in order to fetch precompiled binaries from Maven.

Dependencies

~2.6–7.5MB
~151K SLoC