#dns-records #ip-address #ddns #update #dynamic #subdomain #namecheap

app namecheap-ddns

Updates the A + Dynamic DNS records for Namecheap

11 releases

0.3.3 Mar 30, 2024
0.3.0 Dec 2, 2023
0.2.4 Aug 1, 2023
0.2.3 Jan 29, 2023
0.1.1 Dec 25, 2019

#342 in Network programming

Download history 73/week @ 2024-02-12 67/week @ 2024-02-26 69/week @ 2024-03-04 76/week @ 2024-03-11 148/week @ 2024-03-18 157/week @ 2024-03-25 229/week @ 2024-04-01

614 downloads per month

MIT license

10KB
88 lines

Namecheap DDNS

Latest Version Downloads License Continuous Integration Status

A command line interface (CLI) used to update the A + Dynamic DNS records for Namecheap.

Pre-compiled Binaries

You can download and run the pre-compiled binaries to get up and running immediately.

Installation

An alternative is to install using cargo:

cargo install namecheap-ddns

Usage

Check the help (--help) for details on using this tool:

Updates the A + Dynamic DNS records for Namecheap

Usage: namecheap-ddns [OPTIONS] --domain <DOMAIN> --subdomain <SUBDOMAIN> --token <TOKEN>

Options:
  -d, --domain <DOMAIN>        The domain with subdomains [env: NAMECHEAP_DDNS_DOMAIN=]
  -s, --subdomain <SUBDOMAIN>  The subdomain to update [env: NAMECHEAP_DDNS_SUBDOMAIN=]
  -i, --ip <IP>                The ip address to set on the subdomains (if
                               blank the ip used to make this request will be
                               used) [env: NAMECHEAP_DDNS_IP=]
  -t, --token <TOKEN>          The secret token [env: NAMECHEAP_DDNS_TOKEN=]
  -h, --help                   Print help
  -V, --version                Print version

You will need to specify Namecheap's Dynamic DNS Password provided to you in their Advanced DNS control panel as the environment variable NAMECHEAP_DDNS_TOKEN.

Tip: This is not your Namecheap login password.

Examples

I want to update the host host1.example.com with my current public facing ip address:

$ NAMECHEAP_DDNS_TOKEN=... namecheap-ddns -d example.com -s host1
host1.example.com IP address updated to: 123.123.123.123

I want to update multiple subdomains (host1, host2, and host3) with a given ip address:

$ NAMECHEAP_DDNS_TOKEN=... namecheap-ddns \
>     -d example.com \
>     -s host1 -s host2 -s host3
>     -i 123.123.123.123
host1.example.com IP address updated to: 123.123.123.123
host2.example.com IP address updated to: 123.123.123.123
host3.example.com IP address updated to: 123.123.123.123

I want to use an environment variable file:

$ cat .env
export NAMECHEAP_DDNS_TOKEN=...
export NAMECHEAP_DDNS_DOMAIN=example.com
export NAMECHEAP_DDNS_SUBDOMAIN=host1,host2
export NAMECHEAP_DDNS_IP=321.321.321.321
$ source .env
$ namecheap-ddns
host1.example.com IP address updated to: 321.321.321.321

Linux - systemd

If you want to set this up as a service you will need to create a service file and corresponding timer.

  1. Create the service itself that updates your subdomains:

    # /etc/systemd/system/ddns-update.service
    
    [Unit]
    Description=Update DDNS records for Namecheap
    After=network-online.target
    
    [Service]
    Type=simple
    Environment=NAMECHEAP_DDNS_TOKEN=<TOKEN>
    Environment=NAMECHEAP_DDNS_DOMAIN=<DOMAIN>
    Environment=NAMECHEAP_DDNS_SUBDOMAIN=<SUBDOMAIN>
    ExecStart=/path/to/namecheap-ddns
    User=<USER>
    
    [Install]
    WantedBy=default.target
    

    Be sure to fill in the correct path to your binary as well as the environment variables.

  2. Note that the super secret token is in this file, so we should set restrictive permissions:

    sudo chmod 600 /etc/systemd/system/ddns-update.service
    
  3. Create the timer that runs this service:

    # /etc/systemd/system/ddns-update.timer
    
    [Unit]
    Description=Run DDNS update every 15 minutes
    Requires=ddns-update.service
    
    [Timer]
    Unit=ddns-update.service
    OnUnitInactiveSec=15m
    AccuracySec=1s
    
    [Install]
    WantedBy=timers.target
    
  4. Now we reload the daemon with the new services and start them:

    sudo systemctl daemon-reload
    sudo systemctl start ddns-update.service ddns-update.timer
    

You can view the logs from the service with the following command:

sudo journalctl -u ddns-update.service

Dependencies

~5.5MB
~127K SLoC