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0.1.5  Feb 27, 2024 

0.1.4  May 27, 2021 
0.1.3  May 18, 2020 
#357 in Algorithms
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Multistochgrad
This crate provides a Rust implementation of some stochastic gradient algorithms.
The algorithms implemented here are dedicated to the minimization of (convex) objective function represented by the mean of many functions as occurring in various statistical and learning contexts.
The implemented algorithms are:

The socalled SCSG algorithm described and analyzed in the two papers by L. Lei and M.I Jordan.

The SVRG algorithm described in the paper by R. Johnson and T. Zhang "Accelerating Stochastic Gradient Descent using Predictive Variance Reduction" (2013).
Advances in Neural Information Processing Systems, pages 315–323, 2013 
The Stochastic Averaged Gradient Descent (SAG) as described in the paper: "Minimizing Finite Sums with the Stochastic Average Gradient" (2013, 2016) M.Schmidt, N.LeRoux, F.Bach
These algorithms minimize functions given by an expression:
f(x) = 1/n ∑ fᵢ(x) where fᵢ is a convex function.
The algorithms alternate some form of large batch computation (computing gradient of many terms of the sum) and small or mini batches (computing a small number of terms, possibly just one, term of the gradient) and updating position by combining these global and local gradients.
Examples and tests
Small tests consist in a line fitting problem that is taken from the crate optimisation.
Examples are based on logisitc regression applied to digits MNIST database
(as in the second paper on SCSG).
The data files can be downloaded from MNIST.
The logistic regression, with 10 classes, is tested with the 3 algorithms and some comments are provided, comparing the results.
Run times are obtained on a i913900HX (32 threads). We give wall clock time and cpu times spent in minimizer.
SCSG logistic regression
For the signification of the parameters B_0 , m_O, see documentation of SCSG. b_0 was set to 1 in all the runs.
Here we give some results:
 initialization position : 9 images with constant pixel = 0.5, error at initial position: 6.94
nb iter  B_0  m_0  step_0  error  time(s)  cpu time(s) 

50  0.015  0.004  0.1  0.285  2.9  14.8 
50  0.015  0.006  0.1  0.279  6.8  19 
100  0.02  0.004  0.1  0.266  7.89  32.5 
50  0.02  0.004  0.1  0.289  3.89  16 
150  0.02  0.004  0.1  0.257  12  50 
150  0.02  0.002  0.1  0.269  6.5  45 
 initialization position : 9 images with constant pixel = 0.0, error at initial position: 2.3
nb iter  B_0  m_0  step_0  error  time(s)  cpu time(s) 

50  0.015  0.004  0.1  0.274  4.7  17 
50  0.02  0.004  0.1  0.277  3.7  16.5 
50  0.02  0.006  0.1  0.267  5.5  18 
100  0.02  0.004  0.1  0.260  7.6  33 
Increasing parameter controlling the number of minibatch decrease parallelism.
It seems that convergence from the initialization from a null image is slightly easier than
with a constant 0.5 pixel.
SVRG logistic regression
 initialization position : 9 images with constant pixel = 0.5, error at initial position: 6.94
nb iter  nb mini batch  step  error  time(s)  cpu time(s) 

100  1000  0.02  0.269  10.5  159 
25  1000  0.05  0.288  2.6  40 
50  1000  0.05  0.263  5.  81 
100  1000  0.05  0.249  10.2  160 
 initialization position : 9 images with constant pixel = 0.0, error at initial position: 2.3
nb iter  nb mini batch  step  error  time(s)  cpu time(s) 

50  1000  0.05  0.258  5.3  80 
50  2000  0.05  0.247  7.5  81 
100  1000  0.05  0.247  10  161 
SAG logisitc regression
 initialization position : 9 images with constant pixel = 0.5, error at initial position: 6.94
nb iter  batch size  step  error  time(s)  cpu time(s) 

1000  1000  0.2  0.47  17  272 
1000  1000  0.5  0.35  17  273 
1000  2000  0.5  0.34  17.6  262 
2000  1000  0.5  0.297  34.6  546 
Results
Tests show that the SCSG outperforms SVRG by a factor 1.5 in cpu times at equivalent precision in
both case with a correct initialization and one far from the solution.
SVRG clearly outperforms SAG.
SCSG is very fast at reaching a good approximation roughly 0.28 even though it never runs on
the whole (one tenth) in this implementation.
SCSG needs larger problem to benefit from multithreading.
Acknowledgement
This crate is indebted to the crate optimisation from which I kept the traits Function
, Summation
defining the user interface after various modifications which are detailed in the file types.rs
License
Licensed under either of
 Apache License, Version 2.0, LICENSEAPACHE or http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE2.0
 MIT license LICENSEMIT or http://opensource.org/licenses/MIT
at your option.
Dependencies
~5MB
~90K SLoC