16 releases (8 breaking)
Uses old Rust 2015
|0.10.1||Nov 2, 2020|
|0.9.0||Jul 6, 2020|
|0.8.2||Mar 2, 2020|
|0.8.1||Jul 24, 2019|
|0.3.1||Oct 31, 2016|
#15 in Operating systems
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Used in lambdaos
An experimental Multiboot 2 crate for ELF-64 kernels. It's still incomplete, so please open an issue if you're missing some functionality. Contributions welcome!
It uses the Multiboot 2.0 specification at https://www.gnu.org/software/grub/manual/multiboot2/multiboot.html and the ELF 64 specification at http://www.uclibc.org/docs/elf-64-gen.pdf.
Below is the draft for a blog post about this. I don't plan to finish it but maybe it's helpful as documentation.
The Multiboot information structure looks like this:
|end tag = (0, 8)||(u32, u32)|
There are many different types of tags, but they all have the same beginning:
All tags are 8-byte aligned. The last tag must be the end tag, which is a tag of type
0 and size
We are interested in two tags, the Elf-symbols tag and the memory map tag. For a full list of possible tags see section 3.4 in the Multiboot 2 specification (PDF).
The Elf-symbols tag contains a list of all sections of the loaded ELF kernel. It has the following format:
|type = 9||u32|
|number of entries||u32|
Note that this format differs from the description in the Multiboot specification because it seems to be wrong for ELF 64 kernels: The
number of entries,
entry size, and
string table fields seem to be
u32 instead of
multiboot2.h file in the example section of the specification also specifies these fields as being
u32, which suggests that the
u16 fields are an editing error. The GRUB2 bootloader uses u32 fields, too.
The section headers are just copied from the ELF file, so we need to look at the ELF specification to find the corresponding structure definition. Our kernel is a 64-bit ELF file, so we need to look at the ELF-64 specification (PDF). According to section 4 and figure 3, a section header has the following format:
|name||u32||string table index|
|address||u64||virtual start address of section (0 if not loaded)|
|file offset||u64||offset (in bytes) of section contents in the file|
|size||u64||size of the section in bytes|
|link||u32||associated section (only for some section types)|
|info||u32||extra information (only for some section types)|
|address align||u64||required alignment of section (power of 2)|
|entry size||u64||contains the entry size for table sections (e.g. string table)|
Licensed under either of
- Apache License, Version 2.0 (LICENSE-APACHE or http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0)
- MIT license (LICENSE-MIT or http://opensource.org/licenses/MIT)
at your option.
Unless you explicitly state otherwise, any contribution intentionally submitted for inclusion in the work by you, as defined in the Apache-2.0 license, shall be dual licensed as above, without any additional terms or conditions.