#json #jq #json-parser #api-bindings


Run jq programs to extract data from json strings

6 releases

Uses old Rust 2015

0.3.1 Jul 5, 2019
0.3.0 Jun 2, 2019
0.2.1 Jun 2, 2019
0.2.0 Feb 19, 2019
0.1.1 Jan 14, 2019

#851 in Rust patterns

Download history 12/week @ 2024-02-26 1/week @ 2024-03-11 99/week @ 2024-04-01

100 downloads per month
Used in automaat-processor-json-e…


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crates.io crates.io docs.rs


Release 0.3.1 marks the end of the line for json-query. Future releases will be published under the new name of jq-rs.

This rust crate provides programmatic access to jq 1.6 via its C api.

By leveraging jq we can extract and transform data from a json string using jq's filtering dsl.

use json_query;
// ...

let res = json_query::run(".name", r#"{"name": "test"}"#);
assert_eq!(res, Ok("\"test\"".to_string()));

In addition to running one-off programs with json_query::run(), you can also use json_query::compile() to compile a jq program and reuse it with different inputs.

use json_query;

let tv_shows = r#"[
    {"title": "Twilight Zone"},
    {"title": "X-Files"},
    {"title": "The Outer Limits"}

let movies = r#"[
    {"title": "The Omen"},
    {"title": "Amityville Horror"},
    {"title": "The Thing"}

let mut program = json_query::compile("[.[].title] | sort").unwrap();

    r#"["The Outer Limits","Twilight Zone","X-Files"]"#,

    r#"["Amityville Horror","The Omen","The Thing"]"#,

The return values from the run methods are json strings, and as such will need to be parsed if you want to work with the actual data types being represented. As such, you may want to pair this crate with serde_json or similar.

For example, here we want to extract the numbers from a set of objects:

use json_query;
use serde_json::{self, json};

// ...

let data = json!({
    "movies": [
        { "title": "Coraline", "year": 2009 },
        { "title": "ParaNorman", "year": 2012 },
        { "title": "Boxtrolls", "year": 2014 },
        { "title": "Kubo and the Two Strings", "year": 2016 },
        { "title": "Missing Link", "year": 2019 }

let query = "[.movies[].year]";
// program output as a json string...
let output = json_query::run(query, &data.to_string()).unwrap();
// ... parse via serde
let parsed: Vec<i64> = serde_json::from_str(&output).unwrap();

assert_eq!(vec![2009, 2012, 2014, 2016, 2019], parsed);

Barely any of the options or flags available from the jq cli are exposed currently. Literally all that is provided is the ability to execute a jq program on a blob of json. Please pardon my dust as I sort out the details.

Linking to libjq

When the bundled feature is enabled (off by default) libjq is provided and linked statically by jq-sys and jq-src which require having autotools and gcc in PATH to build.

If you disable the bundled feature, you will need to ensure your crate links to libjq in order for the bindings to work.

See the jq-sys building docs for details on how to share hints with the jq-sys crate on how to link.

Note that it may be required to cargo clean when switching between building with bundled enabled or disabled.

I can't explain it, but sometimes the bundled build will break if you don't give the out dir a good scrubbing.


v0.3.1 (2019-06-04)

Note: This is final release with the name json-query. Future releases will be published as jq-rs.


  • Fixed issue where newlines in output were not being preserved correctly (#3).
  • Resolved a memory error which could cause a crash when running a jq program which could attempt to access missing fields on an object (#4).
  • Fixed some memory leaks which could occur during processing (#10).

v0.3.0 (2019-06-01)

  • Added json_query::compile(). Compile a jq program, then reuse it, running it against several inputs.

v0.2.1 (2019-06-01)

  • #1 Enabled bundled feature when building on docs.rs.

v0.2.0 (2019-02-18)

  • Updates jq-sys dep to v0.2.0 for better build controls.
  • Settles on 2015 edition style imports (for now).

Breaking Changes:

  • bundled feature is no longer enabled by default.

v0.1.1 (2019-01-14)

  • Added extra links to cargo manifest.
  • Added some basic docs.
  • Added a bundled feature to opt in or out of using the bundled source.

0.1.0 (2019-01-13)

Initial release.


~23K SLoC