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#817 in Magic Beans

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ink! Metadata

The ink! metadata is used to describe a contracts properties in a platform independent way. To learn more about it see the section in the ink! docs.

Note: The metadata version is independent of the ink! version! The version 3 of the metadata which is described here is also valid for ink! v4.

Metadata JSON Schema

The ink! metadata is broken down into two main parts. The outer metadata and the ink! metadata (MetadataVersioned).

We won't go into details about the differences between the two here, but if you're curious you can read about it in the ink! documentation portal.

In order to validate that a contract's metadata conforms to the format expected by external tooling we have created a set of JSON Schemas. These schemas describe the properties of the metadata and allows us to validate a contract's metadata for correctness.

In order to validate the metadata we will be using jsonschema, but an online validator like https://www.jsonschemavalidator.net/ will also work.

First, let's install jsonschema:

cargo install jsonschema

Next, we'll build our contract's metadata:

# At the top level of the ink! repo
cargo contract build --manifest-path ./integration-tests/flipper/Cargo.toml

The generated metadata will be in: $PATH_TO_INK_REPO/integration-tests/flipper/target/ink/flipper.json.

Now, to validate our metadata we'll need the schemas. These schemas can be found in this folder: outer-schema.json and ink-v3-schema.json.

We can then use it to validate our metadata against our schema:

jsonschema outer-schema.json --instance $PATH_TO_INK_REPO/integration-tests/flipper/target/ink/flipper.json

If flipper.json is respects our schema we should see the following:

flipper.json - VALID

Otherwise, we will see:

flipper.json - INVALID. Errors: ...

alongside a list of the errors.

We can do a similar thing for the ink! versioned metadata.

jq '. | {V3}' $PATH_TO_INK_REPO/integration-tests/flipper/target/ink/flipper.json > ink-v3-metadata.json
jsonschema ink-v3-schema.json --instance ink-v3-metadata.json

Metadata Schema Generation

Right now the schemas are generated using a set of cobbled branches across scale-info, ink, and cargo-contract.

  1. Pull the three repos
  2. Checkout the hc-derive-jsonschema branch across all of them
  3. Change the local paths for scale-info and ink to match your local folder structure

Now, in your patched version of cargo-contract run the following:

cargo run -- contract build --manifest-path $PATH_TO_INK_REPO/integration-tests/flipper/Cargo.toml > schema.json

In src/cmd/metadata.rs you can change the schema being printed depending on what struct you pass into the schemars::schema_for macro (this is called in the execute function).

let schema = schemars::schema_for!(ContractMetadata);
println!("{}", serde_json::to_string_pretty(&schema).unwrap());


let schema = schemars::schema_for!(ink_metadata::MetadataVersioned);
println!("{}", serde_json::to_string_pretty(&schema).unwrap());


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