#video #game #engine #bindings

gdnative-video

The Godot game engine’s gdnative video bindings

2 unstable releases

0.6.0 Jan 16, 2019
0.5.0 Sep 24, 2018

#45 in Video

21 downloads per month
Used in 3 crates (2 directly)

MIT license

23KB
186 lines

GDNative bindings for Rust

Docs Status

Rust bindings to the Godot game engine.

Work in progress

The bindings, while usable, are a work in progress. Some APIs are missing and the existing ones are still in flux.

"Hello World" example

The most general use-case of the bindings will be to interact with Godot using the generated wrapper classes, as well as providing custom functionality by exposing Rust types as NativeScripts.

NativeScript is an extension for GDNative that allows a dynamic library to register "script classes" to Godot.

(The following section is a very quick-and-dirty rundown of how to get started with the Rust bindings. For a more complete and detailed introduction see the Godot documentation page.)

As is tradition, a simple "Hello World" should serve as an introduction.

(A copy of this "hello world" project can be found in the examples folder. )

The project setup

Starting with an empty Godot project, a cargo project can be created inside the project folder.

cargo init --lib

To use the GDNative bindings in your project you have to add the gdnative crate as a dependency.

[dependencies]
gdnative = "0.5.0"

Since GDNative can only use C-compatible dynamic libraries, the crate type has to be set accordingly.

[lib]
crate-type = ["cdylib"]

The Rust source code

In the src/lib.rs file should have the following contents:

use gdnative::*;

/// The HelloWorld "class"
#[derive(NativeClass)]
#[inherit(Node)]
pub struct HelloWorld;

// __One__ `impl` block can have the `#[methods]` attribute, which will generate
// code to automatically bind any exported methods to Godot.
#[methods]
impl HelloWorld {
    
    /// The "constructor" of the class.
    fn _init(_owner: Node) -> Self {
        HelloWorld
    }
    
    // In order to make a method known to Godot, the #[export] attribute has to be used.
    // In Godot script-classes do not actually inherit the parent class.
    // Instead they are"attached" to the parent object, called the "owner".
    // The owner is passed to every single exposed method.
    #[export]
    fn _ready(&self, _owner: Node) {
        // The `godot_print!` macro works like `println!` but prints to the Godot-editor
        // output tab as well.
        godot_print!("hello, world.");
    }
}

// Function that registers all exposed classes to Godot
fn init(handle: gdnative::init::InitHandle) {
    handle.add_class::<HelloWorld>();
}

// macros that create the entry-points of the dynamic library.
godot_gdnative_init!();
godot_nativescript_init!(init);
godot_gdnative_terminate!();

Creating the NativeScript instance.

After building the library with cargo build, the resulting library should be in the target/debug/ folder.

All NativeScript classes live in a GDNative library. To specify the GDNative library, a GDNativeLibrary resource has to be created. This can be done in the "Inspector" panel in the Godot editor by clicking the "new resource" button in the top left.

With the GDNativeLibrary resource created, the path to the generated binary can be set.

NOTE: Resources do not autosave, so after specifying the path, make sure to save the GDNativeLibrary resource by clicking the "tool" button in the Inspector panel in the top right.

Now the HelloWorld class can be added to any node by clicking the "add script" button. In the popup-select the "NativeScript" option and set the class name to "HelloWorld".

NOTE: After creation, the NativeScript resource does not automatically point to the GDNativeLibrary resource. Make sure to set click the "library" field in the Inspector and "load" the library.

Contributing

See the contribution guidelines

License

Unless you explicitly state otherwise, any contribution intentionally submitted for inclusion in the work by you shall be licensed under the MIT license, without any additional terms or conditions.

Dependencies

~3.5MB
~72K SLoC