#cdc #chunking


FastCDC (content defined chunking) in pure Rust

7 releases (stable)

1.0.5 Jul 23, 2020
1.0.4 Jul 9, 2020
1.0.3 Mar 19, 2020
1.0.2 Aug 5, 2019
0.1.0 Feb 6, 2019

#114 in Algorithms

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215 downloads per month
Used in 7 crates (4 directly)

MIT license

366 lines

FastCDC docs.rs Crates.io Test

This crate implements the "FastCDC" content defined chunking algorithm in pure Rust. A critical aspect of its behavior is that it returns exactly the same results for the same input. To learn more about content defined chunking and its applications, see the reference material linked below.


  • Rust stable (2018 edition)

Building and Testing

$ cargo clean
$ cargo build
$ cargo test

Example Usage

An example can be found in the examples directory of the source repository, which demonstrates reading files of arbitrary size into a memory-mapped buffer and passing them through the chunker (and computing the SHA256 hash digest of each chunk).

$ cargo run --example dedupe -- --size 32768 test/fixtures/SekienAkashita.jpg
    Finished dev [unoptimized + debuginfo] target(s) in 0.03s
     Running `target/debug/examples/dedupe --size 32768 test/fixtures/SekienAkashita.jpg`
hash=5a80871bad4588c7278d39707fe68b8b174b1aa54c59169d3c2c72f1e16ef46d offset=0 size=32857
hash=13f6a4c6d42df2b76c138c13e86e1379c203445055c2b5f043a5f6c291fa520d offset=32857 size=16408
hash=0fe7305ba21a5a5ca9f89962c5a6f3e29cd3e2b36f00e565858e0012e5f8df36 offset=49265 size=60201

The unit tests also have some short examples of using the chunker, of which this code snippet is an example:

let read_result = fs::read("test/fixtures/SekienAkashita.jpg");
let contents = read_result.unwrap();
let chunker = FastCDC::new(&contents, 16384, 32768, 65536);
let results: Vec<Chunk> = chunker.collect();
assert_eq!(results.len(), 3);
assert_eq!(results[0].offset, 0);
assert_eq!(results[0].length, 32857);
assert_eq!(results[1].offset, 32857);
assert_eq!(results[1].length, 16408);
assert_eq!(results[2].offset, 49265);
assert_eq!(results[2].length, 60201);

Reference Material

The algorithm is as described in "FastCDC: a Fast and Efficient Content-Defined Chunking Approach for Data Deduplication"; see the paper, and presentation for details. There are some minor differences, as described below.

Differences with the FastCDC paper

The explanation below is copied from ronomon/deduplication since this codebase is little more than a translation of that implementation:

The following optimizations and variations on FastCDC are involved in the chunking algorithm:

  • 31 bit integers to avoid 64 bit integers for the sake of the Javascript reference implementation.
  • A right shift instead of a left shift to remove the need for an additional modulus operator, which would otherwise have been necessary to prevent overflow.
  • Masks are no longer zero-padded since a right shift is used instead of a left shift.
  • A more adaptive threshold based on a combination of average and minimum chunk size (rather than just average chunk size) to decide the pivot point at which to switch masks. A larger minimum chunk size now switches from the strict mask to the eager mask earlier.
  • Masks use 1 bit of chunk size normalization instead of 2 bits of chunk size normalization.

The primary objective of this codebase was to have a Rust implementation with a permissive license, which could be used for new projects, without concern for data parity with existing implementations.

Other Implementations

This crate is little more than a rewrite of the implementation by Joran Dirk Greef (see the ronomon link below), in Rust, and greatly simplified in usage. One significant difference is that the chunker in this crate does not calculate a hash digest of the chunks.

No runtime deps