#enums #proc-macro #discriminant #procedural #macro

macro enum_ext

procedural macro that enhances enums with additional methods and conversions

5 releases

0.2.2 May 26, 2024
0.2.1 May 19, 2024
0.1.3 May 18, 2024

#586 in Rust patterns

MIT/Apache

48KB
713 lines

Enum Extension Library

Rust Dependency Review Crate API

This Rust crate provides procedural and attribute macros that enhance Rust enums with additional methods and conversions. It simplifies working with enums by automatically generating utility methods for common tasks such as retrieving a list of variants, counting variants, and converting between discriminants and integer types.

See the enum_ext! and #[enum_extend] macro examples below for more information.

Both macros generate the same utility methods, so you can choose the one that best fits your coding style.

Utility Functions

  • list(): Returns an array containing all variants of the enum.
  • count(): Returns the number of variants in the enum.
  • ordinal(): Returns the ordinal (index) of a variant.
  • from_ordinal(ordinal: usize): Returns the variant corresponding to the given ordinal.
  • ref_from_ordinal(ordinal: usize): Returns a reference to the variant corresponding to the given ordinal.
  • valid_ordinal(ordinal: usize): Checks if the given ordinal is valid for the enum.
  • iter(): Returns an iterator over all the variants of the enum.
  • from_<IntType>(value: <IntType>) and as_<IntType>(&self): Convert to and from the specified integer type, if defined in the attributes.
    • For example, from_i32(10) and as_i32() if IntType = "i32", or from_u32(10) and as_u32() if IntType = "u32", etc.
  • pascal_spaced(&self): Converts the variant name to spaced PascalCase. For instance, InQA becomes "In QA".
  • from_pascal_spaced(name: &str): Returns the variant corresponding to the spaced PascalCase name. For example, "In QA" becomes InQA.
  • pretty_print(): Returns a formatted string displaying the enum and all its variants in a pretty-print format.
  • More to come...: Stay tuned for additional utility functions and features.

See examples in the repository for more information.

Attributes

Attributes are optional and used to customize the generated methods.

  • IntType is currently the only attribute supported and specifies the discriminant type for conversion methods. The generated methods allow conversion from this type to an enum variant and vice versa. Supported types include standard Rust integer types like i32, u32, i64, etc. If this attribute is not specified, usize is used as the default.
    • Note: If the enum has discriminant values, #[derive(Clone)] is added to the enum (if not already present).

Assigning attributes vary slightly depending on the macro used.

When using enum_extend, the attribute is applied directly in the tag:

use enum_ext::enum_extend;

// example with no attribute
#[enum_extend]
#[derive(Debug, Clone, PartialEq)]
pub enum Discr1 {
    A = 10,
    B = 20,
    C = 30,
}

// example with an attribute
#[enum_extend(IntType = "i32")]  // <- `IntType` is the discriminant type for conversion methods
#[derive(Debug, Clone, PartialEq)]
pub enum Discr2 {
    A = 10,
    B = 20,
    C = 30,
}

When using enum_ext!, the attribute is applied in an enum_def parameter to the macro:

use enum_ext::enum_ext;

enum_ext!(
    #[enum_def(IntType = "i32")]  // <- `IntType` is the discriminant type. 
    #[derive(Debug, Clone, PartialEq)]
    pub enum AdvancedEnum {
        A = 10,  
        B = 20,
        C = 30,
    }
);

Usage

Using the #[enum_extend] Attribute Macro

To use the enum_extend attribute macro, simply include it in your Rust project and apply it to your enum definitions. Here's an example:

fn main() {
    use enum_ext::enum_extend;

    #[enum_extend(IntType = "i32")]
    #[derive(Debug, Default, Clone, PartialEq)]
    pub enum AdvancedEnum {
        #[default]
        A = 10,
        B = 20,
        C = 30,
    }

    for x in AdvancedEnum::iter() {
        let i = x.as_i32();
        let v = AdvancedEnum::from_i32(i).unwrap();
        assert_eq!(i, v.as_i32());
        assert_eq!(*x, v); // This comparison requires that PartialEq be derived
    }

    let v = AdvancedEnum::from_i32(20).unwrap();
    assert_eq!(v, AdvancedEnum::B);
}

Using the enum_ext! Procedural Macro

To use the enum_ext! macro, simply include it in your Rust project and apply it to your enum definitions. Here's an example:

fn main() {
    use enum_ext::enum_ext;

    enum_ext!(
        #[derive(Debug, Clone, PartialEq)]
        pub enum SimpleEnum {
            A,
            B,
            C,
        }
    );
    // With this, you can now use the generated methods on SimpleEnum:
    let x = SimpleEnum::B;
    assert_eq!(x.ordinal(), 1); // B is the second variant, so its ordinal is 1

    let mut count = 0;

    // enum_ext gives enums an iterator and variants can be iterated over
    for x in SimpleEnum::iter() {
        // The ordinal of the variant can be retrieved
        let i = x.ordinal();
        assert_eq!(i, count);
        count += 1;
    }

    // enums also get a list method that returns an array of all variants
    let list = SimpleEnum::list();
    assert_eq!(list, [SimpleEnum::A, SimpleEnum::B, SimpleEnum::C]);

    enum_ext!(
        #[derive(Debug, Clone, Default, PartialEq)]
        pub enum TicketStatus {
            #[default]
            Open,
            InDev,
            Completed,
            InQA,
            CodeReview,
            FinalQA,
            FinalCodeReview,
            Accepted,
            Closed,
        }
    );

    // enums now have a pascal_spaced method that returns the variant name in spaced PascalCase.
    // This is useful for displaying enum variants in a user-friendly format (e.g., in a UI).
    // One example usage is converting InQA to "In QA" for display on a web page.
    let status = TicketStatus::InQA;
    assert_eq!(status.pascal_spaced(), "In QA");

    // enums also get a from_pascal_spaced method that returns the variant from the spaced PascalCase name.
    // This is useful for converting user-friendly format back to an enum variant.
    // This is the reverse of the example above, converting "In QA" back to an enum.
    let status2 = TicketStatus::from_pascal_spaced("In QA").unwrap();
    assert_eq!(status2, TicketStatus::InQA);
}

Additional utility methods are generated for the enum variants:

use enum_ext::enum_extend;

#[enum_extend(IntType = "i32")]
#[derive(Debug, PartialEq)]
pub enum DevelopmentStatus {
    InDev = 10,
    InQA = 20,
    CodeReview = 30,
    FinalQA = 40,
    FinalCodeReview = 50,
    Accepted = 60,
    Closed = 70,
}

fn main() {
    // Using list()
    let variants = DevelopmentStatus::list();
    assert_eq!(variants,
               [DevelopmentStatus::InDev,
                   DevelopmentStatus::InQA,
                   DevelopmentStatus::CodeReview,
                   DevelopmentStatus::FinalQA,
                   DevelopmentStatus::FinalCodeReview,
                   DevelopmentStatus::Accepted,
                   DevelopmentStatus::Closed]);

    // Using count()
    let count = DevelopmentStatus::count();
    assert_eq!(count, 7);

    // Using ordinal()
    let ordinal = DevelopmentStatus::CodeReview.ordinal();
    assert_eq!(ordinal, 2);  // CodeReview is the third variant, so its ordinal is 2
    assert_eq!(DevelopmentStatus::from_ordinal(2), Some(DevelopmentStatus::CodeReview));

    // Using iter()
    for (i, variant) in DevelopmentStatus::iter().enumerate() {
        assert_eq!(i, variant.ordinal());
    }

    // Using from_i32() and as_i32()
    let variant = DevelopmentStatus::from_i32(20).unwrap();
    assert_eq!(variant, DevelopmentStatus::InQA);
    assert_eq!(variant.as_i32(), 20);

    // Using pascal_spaced() method that returns the variant name in spaced PascalCase.
    // This is useful for displaying enum variants in a user-friendly format (e.g., in a UI).
    // One example usage is converting InQA to "In QA" for display on a web page.
    let status = DevelopmentStatus::InQA;
    assert_eq!(status.pascal_spaced(), "In QA");

    // Using from_pascal_spaced() method that returns the variant from the spaced PascalCase name.
    // This is useful for converting user-friendly format back to an enum variant.
    // This is the reverse of the example above, converting "In QA" back to an enum.
    let status2 = DevelopmentStatus::from_pascal_spaced("In QA").unwrap();
    assert_eq!(status2, DevelopmentStatus::InQA);
}

Getting Started

Add the following to your Cargo.toml file:

[dependencies]
enum_ext = "0.2.2"

Dependencies

~290–750KB
~18K SLoC