#crypto #sha2 #hash #digest

no-std cyfs-sha2

Pure Rust implementation of the SHA-2 hash function family including SHA-224, SHA-256, SHA-384, and SHA-512

1 unstable release

Uses old Rust 2015

0.8.2 Jun 1, 2022

#356 in Cryptography

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309 downloads per month
Used in 11 crates (via cyfs-util)

MIT/Apache

47KB
863 lines

RustCrypto: Hashes

Project Chat dependency status Apache2/MIT licensed

Collection of cryptographic hash functions written in pure Rust.

All algorithms reside in the separate crates and implemented using traits from digest crate. Additionally all crates do not require the standard library (i.e. no_std capable) and can be easily used for bare-metal or WebAssembly programming.

Supported Algorithms

Note: For new applications, or where compatibility with other existing standards is not a primary concern, we strongly recommend to use either BLAKE2, SHA-2 or SHA-3.

Algorithm Crate Crates.io Documentation MSRV Security
BLAKE2 blake2 crates.io Documentation MSRV 1.41 πŸ’š
FSB fsb crates.io Documentation MSRV 1.41 πŸ’š
GOST R 34.11-94 gost94 crates.io Documentation MSRV 1.41 πŸ’›
GrΓΈstl (Groestl) groestl crates.io Documentation MSRV 1.41 πŸ’š
KangarooTwelve k12 crates.io Documentation MSRV 1.41 πŸ’š
MD2 md2 crates.io Documentation MSRV 1.41 πŸ’”
MD4 md4 crates.io Documentation MSRV 1.41 πŸ’”
MD5 md5 ❗ crates.io Documentation MSRV 1.41 πŸ’”
RIPEMD ripemd crates.io Documentation MSRV 1.41 πŸ’š
SHA-1 sha1 crates.io Documentation MSRV 1.41 πŸ’”
SHA-2 sha2 crates.io Documentation MSRV 1.41 πŸ’š
SHA-3 (Keccak) sha3 crates.io Documentation MSRV 1.41 πŸ’š
SHABAL shabal crates.io Documentation MSRV 1.41 πŸ’š
SM3 (OSCCA GM/T 0004-2012) sm3 crates.io Documentation MSRV 1.41 πŸ’š
Streebog (GOST R 34.11-2012) streebog crates.io Documentation MSRV 1.41 πŸ’›
Tiger tiger crates.io Documentation MSRV 1.41 πŸ’š
Whirlpool whirlpool crates.io Documentation MSRV 1.41 πŸ’š

NOTE: the blake3 crate implements the digest traits used by the rest of the hashes in this repository, but is maintained by the BLAKE3 team.

Security Level Legend

The following describes the security level ratings associated with each hash function (i.e. algorithms, not the specific implementation):

Heart Description
πŸ’š No known successful attacks
πŸ’› Theoretical break: security lower than claimed
πŸ’” Attack demonstrated in practice: avoid if at all possible

See the Security page on Wikipedia for more information.

Crate Names

Whenever possible crates are published under the the same name as the crate folder. Owners of md5 declined to participate in this project. This crate does not implement the digest traits, so it is not interoperable with the RustCrypto ecosystem. This is why we publish our MD5 implementation as md-5 and mark it with the ❗ mark. Note that the library itself is named as md5, i.e. inside use statements you should use md5, not md_5.

The SHA-1 implementation was previously published as sha-1, but migrated to sha1 since v0.10.0. sha-1 will continue to receive v0.10.x patch updates, but will be deprecated after sha1 v0.11 release.

Minimum Supported Rust Version (MSRV) Policy

MSRV bumps are considered breaking changes and will be performed only with minor version bump.

Usage

Let us demonstrate how to use crates in this repository using SHA-2 as an example.

First add sha2 crate to your Cargo.toml:

[dependencies]
sha2 = "0.10"

Note that all crates in this repository have an enabled by default std feature. So if you plan to use the crate in no_std environments, don't forget to disable it:

[dependencies]
sha2 = { version = "0.10", default-features = false }

sha2 and the other hash implementation crates re-export the digest crate and the Digest trait for convenience, so you don't have to include it in your Cargo.toml it as an explicit dependency.

Now you can write the following code:

use sha2::{Sha256, Digest};

let mut hasher = Sha256::new();
let data = b"Hello world!";
hasher.update(data);
// `update` can be called repeatedly and is generic over `AsRef<[u8]>`
hasher.update("String data");
// Note that calling `finalize()` consumes hasher
let hash = hasher.finalize();
println!("Binary hash: {:?}", hash);

In this example hash has type GenericArray<u8, U32>, which is a generic alternative to [u8; 32] defined in the generic-array crate. If you need to serialize hash value into string, you can use crates like base16ct and base64ct:

use base64ct::{Base64, Encoding};

let base64_hash = Base64::encode_string(&hash);
println!("Base64-encoded hash: {}", base64_hash);

let hex_hash = base16ct::lower::encode_string(&hash);
println!("Hex-encoded hash: {}", hex_hash);

Instead of calling update, you also can use a chained approach:

use sha2::{Sha256, Digest};

let hash = Sha256::new()
    .chain_update(b"Hello world!")
    .chain_update("String data")
    .finalize();

If a complete message is available, then you can use the convenience Digest::digest method:

use sha2::{Sha256, Digest};

let hash = Sha256::digest(b"my message");

Hashing Readable Objects

If you want to hash data from a type which implements the Read trait, you can rely on implementation of the Write trait (requires enabled-by-default std feature):

use sha2::{Sha256, Digest};
use std::{fs, io};

let mut file = fs::File::open(&path)?;
let mut hasher = Sha256::new();
let n = io::copy(&mut file, &mut hasher)?;
let hash = hasher.finalize();

Hash-based Message Authentication Code (HMAC)

If you want to calculate Hash-based Message Authentication Code (HMAC), you can use the generic implementation from hmac crate, which is a part of the RustCrypto/MACs repository.

Generic Code

You can write generic code over the Digest trait (or other traits from the digest crate) which will work over different hash functions:

use sha2::{Sha256, Sha512, Digest};

// Toy example, do not use it in practice!
// Instead use crates from: https://github.com/RustCrypto/password-hashing
fn hash_password<D: Digest>(password: &str, salt: &str, output: &mut [u8]) {
    let mut hasher = D::new();
    hasher.update(password.as_bytes());
    hasher.update(b"$");
    hasher.update(salt.as_bytes());
    output.copy_from_slice(&hasher.finalize())
}

let mut buf1 = [0u8; 32];
hash_password::<Sha256>("my_password", "abcd", &mut buf1);

let mut buf2 = [0u8; 64];
hash_password::<Sha512>("my_password", "abcd", &mut buf2);

If you want to use hash functions with trait objects, you can use the DynDigest trait:

use digest::DynDigest;

// Dynamic hash function
fn use_hasher(hasher: &mut dyn DynDigest, data: &[u8]) -> Box<[u8]> {
    hasher.update(data);
    hasher.finalize_reset()
}

// You can use something like this when parsing user input, CLI arguments, etc.
// DynDigest needs to be boxed here, since function return should be sized.
fn select_hasher(s: &str) -> Box<dyn DynDigest> {
    match s {
        "md5" => Box::new(md5::Md5::default()),
        "sha1" => Box::new(sha1::Sha1::default()),
        "sha224" => Box::new(sha2::Sha224::default()),
        "sha256" => Box::new(sha2::Sha256::default()),
        "sha384" => Box::new(sha2::Sha384::default()),
        "sha512" => Box::new(sha2::Sha512::default()),
        _ => unimplemented!("unsupported digest: {}", s),
    }
}

let mut hasher1 = select_hasher("md5");
let mut hasher2 = select_hasher("sha512");

// the `&mut *hasher` is to DerefMut the value out of the Box
// this is equivalent to `DerefMut::deref_mut(&mut hasher)`

// can be reused due to `finalize_reset()`
let hash1_1 = use_hasher(&mut *hasher1, b"foo");
let hash1_2 = use_hasher(&mut *hasher1, b"bar");
let hash2_1 = use_hasher(&mut *hasher2, b"foo");

License

All crates licensed under either of

at your option.

Contribution

Unless you explicitly state otherwise, any contribution intentionally submitted for inclusion in the work by you, as defined in the Apache-2.0 license, shall be dual licensed as above, without any additional terms or conditions.

Dependencies

~470KB
~11K SLoC