#android #ndk #apk

build cargo-apk

Helps cargo build APKs

31 releases

0.10.0 Nov 30, 2023
0.9.7 Dec 12, 2022
0.9.6 Nov 23, 2022
0.9.3 Jul 5, 2022
0.1.6 Jul 4, 2016

#47 in Build Utils

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1,824 downloads per month

MIT/Apache

100KB
2K SLoC

cargo apk

Actions Status Latest version MSRV Documentation Lines of code MIT Apache 2.0

Warning This tool is deprecated in favour of xbuild.

Tool for creating Android packages.

Installation

From crates.io:

$ cargo install cargo-apk

From source:

$ cargo install --path cargo-apk/

Commands

  • build: Compiles the current package
  • run: Run a binary or example of the local package
  • gdb: Start a gdb session attached to an adb device with symbols loaded

Manifest

cargo supports the metadata table for configurations for external tools like cargo apk. Following configuration options are supported by cargo apk under [package.metadata.android]:

[package.metadata.android]
# Specifies the package property of the manifest.
package = "com.foo.bar"

# Specifies the array of targets to build for.
build_targets = [ "armv7-linux-androideabi", "aarch64-linux-android", "i686-linux-android", "x86_64-linux-android" ]

# Path to your application's resources folder.
# If not specified, resources will not be included in the APK.
resources = "path/to/resources_folder"

# Path to the folder containing your application's assets.
# If not specified, assets will not be included in the APK.
assets = "path/to/assets_folder"

# Name for final APK file.
# Defaults to package name.
apk_name = "myapp"

# `default` (or unspecified) - Debug symbols, if they exist, are not treated
#                              specially.
#
# `strip`                    - Debug symbols are stripped from the shared
#                              libraries before being copied into the APK.
#
# `split`                    - Functions the same as `strip`, except the debug
#                              symbols are written to the apk output directory
#                              alongside the stripped shared libraries, with
#                              a `.dwarf` extension.
#
# Note that the `strip` and `split` options will only have an effect if
# debug symbols are present in the `.so` file(s) produced by your build, enabling
# https://doc.rust-lang.org/cargo/reference/profiles.html#strip or
# https://doc.rust-lang.org/cargo/reference/profiles.html#split-debuginfo
# in your cargo manifest can cause debug symbols to no longer be present
# in the `.so`.
strip = "default"

# Folder containing extra shared libraries intended to be dynamically loaded at runtime.
# Files matching `libs_folder/${android_abi}/*.so` are added to the apk
# according to the specified build_targets.
runtime_libs = "path/to/libs_folder"

# The name of a Linux user ID that is shared with other apps. By
# default, Android assigns each app its own unique user ID. However, if
# this attribute is set to the same value for two or more apps, they all
# share the same ID, provided that their certificate sets are identical.
# Apps with the same user ID can access each other's data and, if
# desired, run in the same process.
shared_user_id = "my.shared.user.id"

# Defaults to `$HOME/.android/debug.keystore` for the `dev` profile. Will ONLY
# generate a new debug.keystore if this file does NOT exist. A keystore is never
# auto-generated for other profiles.
#
# The keystore path can be absolute, or relative to the Cargo.toml file.
#
# The environment variables `CARGO_APK_<PROFILE>_KEYSTORE` and
# `CARGO_APK_<PROFILE>_KEYSTORE_PASSWORD` can be set to a keystore path
# and keystore password respectively. The profile portion follows the same rules
# as `<cfg>`, it is the uppercased profile name with `-` replaced with `_`.
#
# If present they take precedence over the signing information in the manifest.
[package.metadata.android.signing.<profile>]
path = "relative/or/absolute/path/to/my.keystore"
keystore_password = "android"

# See https://developer.android.com/guide/topics/manifest/uses-sdk-element
#
# Defaults to a `min_sdk_version` of 23 and `target_sdk_version` of 30 (or lower if the detected NDK doesn't support this).
[package.metadata.android.sdk]
min_sdk_version = 23
target_sdk_version = 30
max_sdk_version = 29

# See https://developer.android.com/guide/topics/manifest/uses-feature-element
#
# Note: there can be multiple .uses_feature entries.
[[package.metadata.android.uses_feature]]
name = "android.hardware.vulkan.level"
required = true
version = 1

# See https://developer.android.com/guide/topics/manifest/uses-permission-element
#
# Note: there can be multiple .uses_permission entries.
[[package.metadata.android.uses_permission]]
name = "android.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE"
max_sdk_version = 18

# See https://developer.android.com/guide/topics/manifest/queries-element#provider
[[package.metadata.android.queries.provider]]
authorities = "org.khronos.openxr.runtime_broker;org.khronos.openxr.system_runtime_broker"
# Note: The `name` attribute is normally not required for a queries provider, but is non-optional
# as a workaround for aapt throwing errors about missing `android:name` attribute.
# This will be made optional if/when cargo-apk migrates to aapt2.
name = "org.khronos.openxr"

# See https://developer.android.com/guide/topics/manifest/queries-element#intent
[[package.metadata.android.queries.intent]]
actions = ["android.intent.action.SEND"]

# See https://developer.android.com/guide/topics/manifest/queries-element#intent
# Note: there can be several .data entries.
[[package.metadata.android.queries.intent.data]]
mime_type = "image/jpeg"

# See https://developer.android.com/guide/topics/manifest/queries-element#package
[[package.metadata.android.queries.package]]
name = "org.freedesktop.monado.openxr_runtime.in_process"

# See https://developer.android.com/guide/topics/manifest/application-element
[package.metadata.android.application]

# See https://developer.android.com/guide/topics/manifest/application-element#debug
#
# Defaults to false.
debuggable = false

# See https://developer.android.com/guide/topics/manifest/application-element#theme
#
# Example shows setting the theme of an application to fullscreen.
theme = "@android:style/Theme.DeviceDefault.NoActionBar.Fullscreen"

# Virtual path your application's icon for any mipmap level.
# If not specified, an icon will not be included in the APK.
icon = "@mipmap/ic_launcher"

# See https://developer.android.com/guide/topics/manifest/application-element#label
#
# Defaults to the compiled artifact's name.
label = "Application Name"

# See https://developer.android.com/guide/topics/manifest/application-element#extractNativeLibs
extract_native_libs = true

# See https://developer.android.com/guide/topics/manifest/application-element#usesCleartextTraffic
uses_cleartext_traffic = true

# See https://developer.android.com/guide/topics/manifest/meta-data-element
#
# Note: there can be several .meta_data entries.
# Note: the `resource` attribute is currently not supported.
[[package.metadata.android.application.meta_data]]
name = "com.samsung.android.vr.application.mode"
value = "vr_only"

# See https://developer.android.com/guide/topics/manifest/activity-element
[package.metadata.android.application.activity]

# See https://developer.android.com/guide/topics/manifest/activity-element#config
#
# Defaults to "orientation|keyboardHidden|screenSize".
config_changes = "orientation"

# See https://developer.android.com/guide/topics/manifest/activity-element#label
#
# Defaults to the application's label.
label = "Activity Name"

# See https://developer.android.com/guide/topics/manifest/activity-element#lmode
#
# Defaults to "standard".
launch_mode = "singleTop"

# See https://developer.android.com/guide/topics/manifest/activity-element#screen
#
# Defaults to "unspecified".
orientation = "landscape"

# See https://developer.android.com/guide/topics/manifest/activity-element#exported
#
# Unset by default, or true when targeting Android >= 31 (S and up).
exported = true

# See https://developer.android.com/guide/topics/manifest/activity-element#resizeableActivity
#
# Defaults to true on Android >= 24, no effect on earlier API levels
resizeable_activity = false

# See https://developer.android.com/guide/topics/manifest/activity-element#always
always_retain_task_state = true

# See https://developer.android.com/guide/topics/manifest/meta-data-element
#
# Note: there can be several .meta_data entries.
# Note: the `resource` attribute is currently not supported.
[[package.metadata.android.application.activity.meta_data]]
name = "com.oculus.vr.focusaware"
value = "true"

# See https://developer.android.com/guide/topics/manifest/intent-filter-element
#
# Note: there can be several .intent_filter entries.
[[package.metadata.android.application.activity.intent_filter]]
# See https://developer.android.com/guide/topics/manifest/action-element
actions = ["android.intent.action.VIEW", "android.intent.action.WEB_SEARCH"]
# See https://developer.android.com/guide/topics/manifest/category-element
categories = ["android.intent.category.DEFAULT", "android.intent.category.BROWSABLE"]

# See https://developer.android.com/guide/topics/manifest/data-element
#
# Note: there can be several .data entries.
# Note: not specifying an attribute excludes it from the final data specification.
[[package.metadata.android.application.activity.intent_filter.data]]
scheme = "https"
host = "github.com"
port = "8080"
path = "/rust-windowing/android-ndk-rs/tree/master/cargo-apk"
path_prefix = "/rust-windowing/"
mime_type = "image/jpeg"

# Set up reverse port forwarding through `adb reverse`, meaning that if the
# Android device connects to `localhost` on port `1338` it will be routed to
# the host on port `1338` instead. Source and destination ports can differ,
# see the `adb` help page for possible configurations.
[package.metadata.android.reverse_port_forward]
"tcp:1338" = "tcp:1338"

If a manifest attribute is not supported by cargo apk feel free to create a PR that adds the missing attribute.

Dependencies

~7–20MB
~257K SLoC