2 unstable releases

0.2.0 Jun 5, 2022
0.1.0 Apr 24, 2022

#137 in Debugging

MIT license

26KB
631 lines

Cadom

Some error-processing helpers for Rust

Name

This project has autogenerated name, thanks to This Word Does Not Exist project. The word definition can be checked here.

Purpose

The whole purpose of this project is to make errors processing routine simplier. The idea is to provide enough information about an error happened including its whole backtrace, but avoiding unneccessary verbosity in the code as well as in the output. The "unneccessary verbosity" is a fully subjective concept, so one can disagree with the results. One can be stucked in choice between using thiserror for each kind of processed underlying error, anyhow for processing them all no matter what and self-made implementations to gather information about error trace (at least as long as std::backtrace::Backtrace stays experimental). Cadom should be the decision for such cases.

Usage example

Cadom suggests somewhat in the middle of thiserror, anyhow and manual Error implementation. Supposing one has already described some own type Origin which gathers all other types of errors processed in an application (presumably via thiserror), but is still struggling to add some trace information. It can be easily done via cadom:

#[derive(thiserror::Error, Clone, Debug, PartialEq, Eq)]
enum FailKind {
    #[error(transparent)]
    ParseInt(#[from] std::num::ParseIntError),
    #[error("{0}")]
    Custom(String),
}

impl From<String> for FailKind {
    fn from(src: String) -> Self {
        FailKind::Custom(src)
    }
}

type Fail = cadom::Decay<FailKind>;

fn parse_u8(text: &str) -> Result<u8, std::num::ParseIntError> {
    text.parse::<u8>()
}

fn do_something() -> Result<(), String> {
    Err("Unimplemented functionality".into())
}

fn do_something_else(opt_text: Option<&str>) -> Result<(), Fail> {
    match opt_text {
        Some(text @ "Dramatically unsuitable text") => Err(cadom::decay!("Passed text ('{}') is soooo unsuitable it generated a special error", text)),
        Some(text) => parse_u8(text).map_err(cadom::rot!("Passed text can`t be parsed as u8")).map(|_| ()),
        None => do_something().map_err(cadom::rot!())
    }
}

fn main() {
    let err_1: Fail = do_something_else(Some("Dramatically unsuitable text")).map_err(cadom::rot!()).unwrap_err();
    println!("{}", err_1);
    let err_2: Fail = do_something_else(Some("Not so unsuitable text, but still not a number")).map_err(cadom::rot!()).unwrap_err();
    println!("{}", err_2);
    let err_3: Fail = do_something_else(None).map_err(cadom::rot!("No data were passed into function")).unwrap_err();
    println!("{}", err_3);
}

Type FailKind here is being used to convert all needed "external" error types into one with appropriate type-related comments, whereas type Fail presents the multi-level version of application error, with place-related comments added in every place they are needed. Those comments are being automatically enriched with place information in file:line:column format when macros deacay or rot are used. The example above gives the next output:

{place: [src/main.rs:34:87, src/main.rs:27:60], note: Passed text ('Dramatically unsuitable text') is soooo unsuitable it generated a special error}
{place: [src/main.rs:36:104, src/main.rs:28:46], note: Passed text can`t be parsed as u8, error: invalid digit found in string}
{place: [src/main.rs:38:55], note: No data were passed into function, place: [src/main.rs:29:40], error: Unimplemented functionality}

As can be seen, information about every place in code an error passed while program execution (from th moment that error had become of Fail type) is added into that error, due to usage of decay and rot macros. Unfortunately, an error type annotation should be given usually, but thats considered not a problems since the suggested approach uses a final type, which should be specified in the application itself (like Fail is in the example above). To fulfill the example, here is the prettified version of the example output:

{
    place: [src/main.rs:34:87, src/main.rs:27:60],
    note: Passed text ('Dramatically unsuitable text') is soooo unsuitable it generated a special error,
}
{
    place: [src/main.rs:36:104, src/main.rs:28:46],
    note: Passed text can`t be parsed as u8,
    error: invalid digit found in string,
}
{
    place: [src/main.rs:38:55],
    note: No data were passed into function,
    place: [src/main.rs:29:40],
    error: Unimplemented functionality,
}

Dependencies

~28KB