#flash #messages #actix-web #notifications

actix-web-flash-messages

Flash messages for actix-web applications

7 releases

new 0.2.4 Nov 25, 2021
0.2.3 Nov 25, 2021
0.2.0 Oct 16, 2021
0.1.2 Oct 16, 2021

#177 in Asynchronous

Download history 58/week @ 2021-10-11 28/week @ 2021-10-18 7/week @ 2021-10-25 10/week @ 2021-11-01 4/week @ 2021-11-08 10/week @ 2021-11-15 106/week @ 2021-11-22

54 downloads per month

MIT/Apache

32KB
508 lines

actix-web-flash-messages

Flash messages for actix-web


Web applications sometimes need to show a one-time notification to the user - e.g. an error message after having failed to login.
These notifications are commonly called flash messages.

actix-web-flash-messages provides a framework to work with flash messages in actix-web, closely modeled after Django's message framework.

use actix_web::{Responder, HttpResponse, get,http};
use actix_web_flash_messages::{
    FlashMessage, IncomingFlashMessages,
};
use std::fmt::Write;

/// Attach two flash messages to the outgoing response,
/// a redirect.
#[get("/set")]
async fn set() -> impl Responder {
    FlashMessage::info("Hey there!").send();
    FlashMessage::debug("How is it going?").send();
    // Redirect to /show
    HttpResponse::TemporaryRedirect()
        .insert_header((http::header::LOCATION, "/show"))
        .finish()
}

/// Pick up the flash messages attached to the request, showing
/// them to the user via the request body.
#[get("/show")]
async fn show(messages: IncomingFlashMessages) -> impl Responder {
    let mut body = String::new();
    for message in messages.iter() {
        writeln!(body, "{} - {}", message.content(), message.level()).unwrap();
    }
    HttpResponse::Ok().body(body)
}

How to install

Add actix-web-flash-messages to your dependencies:

[dependencies]
# ...
actix-web = "4.0.0-beta.12"
actix-web-flash-messages = "0.2"

By default, actix-web-flash-messages does not provide any storage backend to receive and send flash messages.
You can enable:

  • a cookie-based one, storage::CookieMessageStore, using the cookies feature flag. The cookie store uses a signed cookie to store and retrieve messages;
[dependencies]
# ...
actix-web-flash-messages = { version = "0.2", features = ["cookies"] }
  • a session-based one, [storage::SessionMessageStore], using the sessions feature flag. The session store attaches flash messages to the current session.
[dependencies]
# ...
actix-web-flash-messages = { version = "0.2", features = ["sessions"] }

You can provide a different message store by implementing the storage::FlashMessageStore trait.

Examples

You can find examples of application using actix-web-flash-messages on GitHub:

The Structure of a Flash Message

FlashMessages are made of a Level and a string of content.

The message level can be used for filtering and rendering - for example:

  • Only show flash messages at info level or above in a production environment, while retaining debug level messages for local development;
  • Use different colours, in the UI, to display messages (e.g. red for errors, orange for warnings, etc.);

You can build a FlashMessage via FlashMessage::new by specifying its content and Level.
You can also use the shorter level-based constructors - e.g. FlashMessage::info.

Enabling Flash Messages

To start sending and receiving flash messages you need to register FlashMessagesFramework as a middleware on your actix_web's App:

use actix_web_flash_messages::{FlashMessagesFramework, storage::CookieMessageStore};
use actix_web::{HttpServer, App, web};
use actix_web::cookie::Key;

#[actix_web::main]
async fn main() {
    let signing_key = Key::generate(); // This will usually come from configuration!
    let message_store = CookieMessageStore::builder(signing_key).build();
    let message_framework = FlashMessagesFramework::builder(message_store).build();
    
    HttpServer::new(move || {
        App::new()
            .wrap(message_framework.clone())
            // [...] your endpoints
    })
}

You will then be able to:

use actix_web::{Responder, HttpResponse, get};
use actix_web_flash_messages::{
    FlashMessage, IncomingFlashMessages,
};

/// Send a flash messages alongside the outgoing response, a redirect.
#[get("/set")]
async fn set() -> impl Responder {
    FlashMessage::info("Hey there!").send();
    // [...]
}

/// Extract the flash message from the incoming request.
#[get("/show")]
async fn show(_messages: IncomingFlashMessages) -> impl Responder {
    // [...]
}

Framework Configuration

There are a few knobs that you can tweak when it comes to FlashMessagesFramework.
Use FlashMessagesFramework::builder to get access to its fluent configuration API, built around FlashMessagesFrameworkBuilder.

Minimum Level

By default, FlashMessagesFramework will only dispatch messages at info-level or above, discarding debug-level messages.
You can change this setting using FlashMessagesFrameworkBuilder::minimum_level.

use actix_web_flash_messages::{FlashMessagesFramework, Level, storage::CookieMessageStore};
use actix_web::{HttpServer, App, web};

fn get_message_store() -> CookieMessageStore {
    // [...]
    # CookieMessageStore::builder(actix_web::cookie::Key::generate()).build()
}

#[actix_web::main]
async fn main() {
    // Show debug-level messages when developing locally
    let minimum_level = match std::env::var("APP_ENV") {
        Ok(s) if &s == "local" => Level::Debug,
        _ => Level::Info,
    };
    let message_framework = FlashMessagesFramework::builder(get_message_store())
        .minimum_level(minimum_level)
        .build();

    HttpServer::new(move || {
        App::new()
            .wrap(message_framework.clone())
            // [...] Your endpoints
    })
}

Message Storage

actix-web-flash-messages provides a cookie-based implementation of flash messages, storage::CookieMessageStore, using a signed cookie to store and retrieve messages.
You can provide a different message store by implementing the storage::FlashMessageStore trait.

License

Licensed under either of Apache License, Version 2.0 or MIT license at your option. Unless you explicitly state otherwise, any contribution intentionally submitted for inclusion in this crate by you, as defined in the Apache-2.0 license, shall be dual licensed as above, without any additional terms or conditions.

Dependencies

~19MB
~468K SLoC